Abandoned Mines

This information exchange is for delivery of abandoned underground mine features in the AASG geothermal data project. The AbandonedUndergroundMine (AUM) worksheet specifies content elements for an interchange format for location, area, volume, heat capacity, temperature and other measurement data obtained for AUMs. Fields in that spreadsheet will become XML elements in interchange documents for WFS simple features/geothermal data web services. Typically AUM data are recorded in state survey databases, and this information could be provided through an AUM observation service. The HeaderURI for a particular mine is the cross-referencing link (foreign key) used to associate the header record and other information from a particular AUM.

Version 0.3 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: AbandonedMine
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
FeatureURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, mine, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
MineName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the mine is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
APINo (string) API number for the the wellboreborehole identified by the HeaderURI. If an API number is unavailable this field is empty. Usage of hyphens is optional, according to standard practice in each state. API number refers to the American Petroleum Institute number. Each oil, gas, or geothermal well drilled in the United States has a unique API number; this number identifies all boreholes or recompletions associated with the original wellbore. See http:www.spwla.orgtechnicalapi-technical for more information about API numbering.
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http:resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
OtherName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for feature such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
Operator (string) Name of the operator of the mine identified by the Feature URI. Name of company/organization that is operating the mine during the reporting period.
LeaseName (string) Name or number of the lease of the mine identified by the Feature URI. The LeaseName may be a concatenation of the Lease Owner and Number.
LeaseOwner (string) Name of the lease owner of the mine identified by the FeatureURI.
LeaseNo (string) Lease number of the mine identified by the FeatureURI.
MineStartDate (dateTime) Date on which development commenced for the mine identified by the FeatureURI. Use format YYYY-MM-DDThhr:mm. If date is unknown, provide best guess and so note in the 'Notes' field. This is intended as a searching aid.
EndedMiningDate (dateTime) Date on which operations ended for the mine identified by the FeatureURI. Use format YYYY-MM-DDThhr:mm. If date is unknown, provide best guess and so note in the 'Notes' field. This is intended as a searching aid.
MineOrOpeningType (string) Type of mine identified by the FeatureURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. Vocabulary should be drawn from a standard list. This field is intended to specify mine type according to data provider's conventions.
CommodityOfInterest (string) The commodity of interest associated with the mine identified by the FeatureURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element.
Status (string) Status of the feature at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. If unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Function (string) Functional characterization of the mine identified by the FeatureURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element.
ReleaseDate (dateTime) Date on which data for the mine identified by the FeatureURI, was or will be made public. If no date is reported, no confidential information is on moratorium. Use format YYYY-MM-DD.
Field (string) Name of coal or other mineral field in which the mine identified by the FeatureURI is located. Delimit multiple values with the pipe character '|'.
OtherLocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. Separate multiple keywords with the pipe '|' character.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
PLSS_Meridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
TWP (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
RGE (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Parcel (string) Legal parcel identifier, or block number, or other parcel or location identifier.
UTM_E (double) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (double) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMDatumZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
Mine_City_Distance_km (double) Distance in kilometers (km) from mine to nearest population center.
WatershedName (string) Name of the watershed located above, or in communication with, mine workings. Delimit multiple watershed names with the pipe character '|'.
HUCode (double) Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC/HUCode). 12 digits. The United States is divided and sub-divided into successively smaller Hydrologic Units (HU) which are classified into four levels: regions, sub-regions, accounting units, and cataloging units. Cataloging Units sometimes are called "watersheds". The hydrologic units are arranged or nested within each other, from the largest geographic area (regions) to the smallest geographic area (cataloging units). Each hydrologic unit is identified by a unique hydrologic unit code (HUC) based on the four levels of classification in the hydrologic unit system. http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/huc.html
HydroNarrative (string) Free text used to report watershed/stream information.
DepthOfMine_km (double) Vertical distance from lowest point of mine to elevation of mine origin.
ElevationGL_m (double) Elevation at ground level for the origin of the mine identified by the FeatureURI. Measurement should be made with respect to mean sea level (MSL) and be reported in decimal meters (m).
AboveBelowWaterTable (string) Used to designate is mine above water table, below water table, or above and below water table.
FormationDepositName (string) Name of geologic unit at the bottom of the mine identified by the FeatureURI. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full. Multiple names separated by pipe '|' characters.
MineDepositArea_m2 (double) Estimated area of the surface projection of the underground workings. Report measurement in decimal units. Report all areas in decimal units of sqare meters (m2).
AveThicknessMineDeposit_m (double) Estimated thickness of mined area of the mine identified by the FeatureURI. Measurement must be reported in decimal meter units. Mining operations may not have mined the entire seam or mined more than the seam thickness, so mine thickness is generally more normalized due to tunnel height etc for humans to access and remove coal.
MineVolume_m3 (double) Report gross volume of mine here. Report in cubic meters (m3). Gross volume is the entire mine volume with and without (voids) groundwater.
EffectiveVolume__m3 (double) Report estimated volume of mine void space here. Report in cubic meters (m3). Effective volume is the total volume of the void space.
MaxRechargeArea_km2 (double) Report estimated maximum area to recharge mine void space here. Report all areas in decimal units of sqare kilometers.
MinRechargeArea_km2 (double) Report estimated minimum area to recharge mine void space here. Report all areas in decimal units of sqare kilometers.
GroundwaterFlowDirection (string) Estimated direction of groundwater flow. Report all directions using the NSEW convention. N, ESE, SW etc.
GWDischargeDistance_m (double) Estimated discharge length of groundwater, reported in decimal meter units. Discharge is measured by a volume (length [or distance traveled] x thickness) of water to pass through a cross section area.
DischargeThickness_m (double) Report estimated discharge thickness here; reported in decimal meter units. Discharge is measured by a volume (length [or distance traveled] x thickness) of water to pass through a cross section area.
MeanAnnualPrecip_in (double) Mean annual precipitation for the location of the mine identified by the FeatureURI. Precipitation from NOAA precipitation measurement network sources. Use decimal inch units. Because official precipitation measurements in the U.S. are inches, that is used here.
CrossSectionArea_m2 (double) Report estimated maximum area of cross section of recharge here; use square meters, m2.
EffectiveCrossSectionArea_m2 (double) Report estimated effective area of cross section of recharge here; use square meters, m2.
CrossSectionAreaProceedure (string) Free text for any notes pertaining to proceedures for cross section area estimates; used to provide method of area determination.
AveRechargeRateGrndwtrVol1_m3yr (double) The mean recharge rate to groundwater volume for the mine identified by the FeatureURL. Report in cubic meters per year (m3/yr). Method 1. (See Notes tab).
MaxMineRechargeVolGrndwtr1_m3yr (double) Report estimated maximum volume of recharge of mine void space here, reported in cubic meters per year (m3/yr) using Method 1. (See Notes tab).
MinMIneRechargeGrndwtrVol1_m3yr (double) Report estimated minimum volume of recharge of mine void space here, reported in cubic meters per year (m3/yr) using Method 1. (See Notes tab).
RechargeProcedure1 (string) Text description of measurement procedure and methods used to calculate corrections using Method 1. (See Notes tab).
MaxResidenceTime1_yr (double) Report estimated maximum Residence time (Method 1) of recharge water in mine void space here. Use decimal year units. The residence time calculation illustrates the rate in which water is being circulated through the mine.
MinResidenceTime1_yr (double) Report estimated minimum Residence time (Method 1) of recharge water in mine void space here. Use decimal year units. The residence time calculation illustrates the rate in which water is being circulated through the mine.
MaxMineWtrVel1_myr (double) Maximum estimated mine water velocity in meters/year. (see Linear Groundwater Velocity on Notes tab).
MinMineWtrVel1_myr (double) Minimum estimated mine water velocity in meters/year. (see Linear Groundwater Velocity on Notes tab).
AveRechargeRateGrndwtrVol2_m3yr (double) The mean recharge rate to groundwater volume for the mine identified by the FeatureURL. Report in cubic meters per year (m3/yr). Method 2. (See Notes tab).
MaxMineRechargeVol2_m3yr (double) Report estimated maximum recharge volume of mine void space here, using Method 2. (See Notes tab). Use m3.
MinMineRechargeVol2_m3yr (double) Report estimated minimum recharge volume of mine void space here, using Method 2. (See Notes tab). Use m3.
RechargeProcedure2 (string) Text description of measurement procedure and methods used to calculate corrections using Method 2. (See Notes tab).
MaxResidenceTime2_yr (double) Report estimated maximum Residence time (Method 2) of recharge water in mine void space here. Use decimal year units. The residence time calculation illustrates the rate in which water is being circulated through the mine.
MinResidenceTime2_yr (double) Report estimated minimum Residence time (Method 2) of recharge water in mine void space here. Use decimal year units. The residence time calculation illustrates the rate in which water is being circulated through the mine.
MaxMineWtrVel2_myr (double) Maximum estimated linear velocity of mine water in meters/year. (Linear Groundwater Velocity on Notes tab).
MinMineWtrVel2_myr (double) Minimum estimated linear velocity of mine water in meters/year. (Linear Groundwater Velocity on Notes tab).
EstAirTemp_C (double) Estimated surface temperature here, in decimal units of Centigrade.
EstMineWtrTemp_C (double) Report estimated water temperature here, in decimal degrees Centigrade.
SpecificHeat_kJkgC (double) Estimated specific heat of water at the estimated air temperature. Report in units of kilo Joules per kilogram per degree celcius (kJ/kg/C).
WaterDensity_kgm3 (double) Water density at the estimated temperature. Report in kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3).
WaterMass_kg (double) Estimated total mass of mine water, in kilograms (kg).
TotalMineHeat_kJ (double) Heat Extractable from the mine per 1 degree C of change, reported in (kilojoules, kJ).
MinHF1_kJyr (double) Minimum Heat Flux (heat energy transferred by conduction and convection) using Method 1 Kilojoules per year (kJ/y).
MaxHF1_kJyr (double) Maximum Heat Flux (heat energy transferred by conduction and convection) using Method 1 Kilojoules per year (kJ/y).
MinHF2_kJyr (double) Minimum Heat Flux (heat energy transferred by conduction and convection) using Method 2 Kilojoules per year (kJ/y).
MaxHF2_kJyr (double) Maximum Heat Flux (heat energy transferred by conduction and convection) using Method 2 (Kilojoules per year (kJ/y).
Notes (string) Any additional notes about the mine associated with this FeatureURI that doesn't fit into the template. Methods used, procedures, references, etc.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online; should be an http: address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
InformationSource (string) Source (provider) of the information in this dataset. May be agency, report, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Status
Version 0.3 is now available for wider system use. Any necessary revisions of this new content model should be entered and discussed at https://github.com/usgin-models/AbandonedMines
Created Files Example
Version 0.3 April 17, 2014 WFS GetFeature

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Active Fault/Quaternary Fault

Faults are typically represented on maps by the linear outcrop trace where the fault intersects the Earth Surface. Thus the feature service for fault uses a line feature class for the geometry. This linear geometry cannot simply be represented in a spreadsheet, so a template for service deployment provides as an ESRI personal geodatabase (which is a Microsoft Access .mdb file). In addition, for consistency with point-based content models, an Excel Workbook is provided with work sheets for the data provider metadata, description of fields in the template, and vocabularies recommended for use in interchange documents. For those that do not have software that will work with the geodatabase file, a zip archive containing a shape file feature class is included. The shape file truncates field names and text values that are strings longer than 255 characters. If some field contain text longer than 255 characters, fault descriptions should be loaded into the excel worksheet included with the shape file. In that case, be sure that there is a key to uniquely join the shape field information with the fault description information. This content model includes data elements that are in the content model for Geologic Map/faults, as well as elements providing information specific to Quaternary faults relating to slip rates, time since most recent activity. The AASG namespace URI for XML schema implementing this content model is http://stategeothermaldata.org/uri-gin/aasg/xmlschema/activefault/ . Version number is appended as the terminal token in individual schema version instances, e.g. for version 1.1 the URI is http://stategeothermaldata.org/uri-gin/aasg/xmlschema/activefault/1.1 .

Version 1.2 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: ActiveFault
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class… Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the WellHeaderTemplate.
FeatureURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
Name (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
FullName (string) Hierarchical path name for the described shear displacement structure feature, from largest to most specific. E.g. Pinto Mountain fault zone/Morongo Valley fault. Use slash '/' as the hierarchical delimiter.
ParentFeatureURI (string) Identifier for a larger shear displacement structure which the named feature is a part of.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
Description (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (quality, lithology, locality, etc).
Symbol (string) Identifier for symbol for default portrayal of this feature in some symbol scheme. This is a convienence value, and assumes the existence of SLD or other legend-type artifact that maps from these symbol identifiers to graphical elements. Equivalent to genericSymbolizer element in GeoSciML thematic view schema.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecificationURI (string) Ideally an http URI that dereferences to a full complex feature representation. If the FeatureURI is an http URI that can be dereferenced to one or more representations, this URI is redundant. For example, the URI could refer to a GeoSciML Contact feature that describes the instance in detail. If no value is provided then a URI for a nil reason concept should be provided from list on the OGC_nilValues tab.
FeatureType (string) Mandatory, one value. Term from controlled vocabulary classifying kind of feature. Default is 'Fault', other options are more specific fault types.
GeologicHistory (string) Free text description of age or history of the feature.
RepresentativeAgeURI (string) A unique identifier for a named time era that best characterizes the age of the fault.
YoungerAgeURI (string) Unique identifier for younger age term for interval.
OlderAgeURI (string) Unique identifier for older age term for interval.
IntervalSinceMovement (string) Time in kA (thousands of years) with uncertainty, since last event.
ObservationMethod (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
PositionAccuracyMeters (double) A numerical estimate of the radius of the uncertainty envelope surrounding the mapped trace of the feature identified by the FeatureURI (reported in Meters).
PositionAccuracy (string) A qualitative estimate of the radius of the uncertainty envelope surrounding the mapped trace of the feature identified by the FeatureURI.
Displacement (string) Text description of displacement across the feature identified by the FeatureURI.
SlipRate (string) Distinguish horizontal or vertical only slip rate, separation, from actual vector magnitude. Time interval for rate calculation is important component. Value is quantity with uncertainty.
SlipAccumulationInterval (string) Time period of averaging for slip rate calculation. Required if slip rate reported.
MovementType (string) Use extension of CGI Fault movement type vocabulary. Terms used to define the type of movement (eg dip-slip, strike-slip) for a DisplacementValue on a ShearDisplacementStructure.
MovementSense (string) Terms to specify the relative direction of movement of bodies of rock across a ShearDisplacementStructure. Examples include 'sinistral', 'dextral', 'normal', 'reverse'.
DipDirection (string) Term indicating general direction of dip of the fault structure described in this record.
DateMostRecentEvent (dateTime) If earthquakes are associated with fault, calendar date of most recent event. Use ISO 8601 date time for consistency with other dates, recognizing that in general this will not include a time. Recommend using 12:00:00 as the default time.
RecurrenceInterval (string) Estimated average time in thousands of years between slip events on fault.
TotalSlip (string) Vector (trend, plunge, magnitude) linking piercing points on opposite sides of fault, with uncertainty.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Shape (MultiCurvePropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
The Quaternary fault model is based on the GeoSciML-portrayal content model for 'ShearDisplacementStructure', with the addition of content of special interest to active or recently active faults. In the GeoSciML model, 'Shear displacement structure' represents the broad category of structures across which there has been shear displacement with any sense. This category includes all brittle to ductile style structures along which displacement has occurred, from a simple, single 'planar' brittle or ductile surface to a fault system comprised of 10's of strands of both brittle and ductile nature. This structure may have some significant thickness (a deformation zone) and have an associated body of deformed rock that may be considered a DeformationUnit (Definition from GeoSciML model - see http://www.geosciml.org/geosciml/2.0/doc/GeoSciML/GeologicStructure/Shea...). An individual fault feature in a Quaternary fault data set is defined by a unique combination of name, URI, geologic history, slip, and orientation properties, as well as the inference that it represents a physically connected surface in the Earth. For mapped active or recently active faults, which are the scope of this scheme, the deformation style is assumed to be brittle (as opposed to ductile).
Status
Currently deployed services are deployed using version 1.2 of this content model which has been reviewed by NGDS project technical teams and adopted for use by other NGDS projects. The normative definition workbook is accessible at the NGDS resources/public documents page. Comments, review, and change requests should be posted to the forums attached to that page. The XML schema implementing this model is here.
Created Files Example
Version 1.1 Dec. 17, 2012
Version 1.2 Dec. 18, 2012 WFS GetFeature

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Aqueous Chemistry

This is a data interchange content model for an observation of the chemical composition of an aqueous fluid. A header content model for sample characterization, location, and analysis metadata is included to assist users finding analyses for specific samples, locations, time intervals, etc. Typically water temperature at the time of sampling is recorded along with sample data. Several 'suites' of analytes representing common analysis results are defined, with the intention that an implementation of the content model would offer several observation feature types, each of which consists of the header fields combined with the analytes for a suite. A content type for reporting results for a single analyte is also proposed, with an abbreviated header; this could be implemented for services similar to the EPA storet data services. In this approach a single analysis result is delivered as a collection of observation records, each with the same AnalysisURI and reporting single analyte. AqueousChemicalAnalysis-BasicData contains fields for information used to discover and retrieve chemical analyses meeting various criteria, and to evaluate the reported results. These fields would be reported along with a collection of analytes from the different suites proposed on the suites table.

Version 1.10 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: WaterQuality
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
ph_Field (double) Field measure of the acidity of an aqueous solution. Report in standard pH format.
ph_Lab (double) Field measure of the acidity of an aqueous solution. Report in standard pH format.
SpecificConductance_mS (double) Measurement of the ability of a substance to conduct electricity. Reported in S/m (Siemens/meter).
ConductanceNote (string) Notes on specific conductance measurements.
Conductance_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
TotalDissolvedSolids_mgL (double) Total dissolved solids reported in mg/L.
TotalDissolvedSolids_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
TotalSuspendedSolids_mgL (double) Total suspended solids reported in mg/L.
TotalSuspendedSolids_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Turbidity_ntu (double) Nephelometric (ntu) refers to the way the instrument, a nephelometer, measures how much light is scattered by suspended particles in the water. The greater the scattering, the higher the turbidity. Therefore, low NTU values indicate high water clarity, while high NTU values indicate low water clarity.
Turbidity_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: CommonAnalytes
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
FractionAnalyzed (string) Portion of the entire sample tested for this record; select from controlled vocabulary: Total solids, Dissolved solids, Fixed solids, Recoverable solids, Suspended solids, Gas, Liquid.
Br_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ca_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cl_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
F_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Fe_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
FeTot_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
K_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Na_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Na_K_mgL (double) Na plus K as specific analytical value not a summary of Na and K results. Report analyte in mg/L.
NO3_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
SiO2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
SO4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Sr_mgL (double) None
Alkalinity_mgL (double) Quantitative capacity of water to neutralize an acid. Report in mg/L.
Alkalinity_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Bicarbonate_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Carbonate_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Hardness_CaCO3_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Hardness_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
TotalDissolvedSolids_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
TotalDissolvedSolids_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: BaseMetals
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
FractionAnalyzed (string) None
Ag_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Al_monomeric_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Al_total_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
As_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Au_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
B_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ba_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Be_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Bi_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cd_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Co_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cr_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cs_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cu_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Hg_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Li_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Mn_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Mo_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ni_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
P_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Pb_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
S_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Sb_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Se_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Si_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Sn_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ti_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
U_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
V_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
W_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Zn_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: MajorDissolvedConstituents
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Ca_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cl_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
F_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
K_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Mg_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Na_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Na_K_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
SiO2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
SO4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
cation_total (double) None
anion_total (double) None
Alkalinity_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Alkalinity_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
chargeBalance_pct (double) Ratio of cations to anions as a percent.
Hardness_CaCO2 (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Hardness_method (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: MinorDissolvedConstituents
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
B_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Br_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Fe_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
I_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Mn_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NH4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO2_field_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO2_lab_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO3_field_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO3_lab_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
OH_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
PO4_as_P_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Rb_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Sr_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Zr_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: Nitrogen
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
N_Kjeldahl_mgL (double) Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen or TKN is the sum of organic nitrogen, ammonia (NH3), and ammonium (NH4+) in the chemical analysis of soil, water, or wastewater (e.g. sewage treatment plant effluent). To calculate Total Nitrogen (TN), the concentrations of nitrate-N and nitrite-N are determined and added to TKN. TKN is determined in the same manner as organic nitrogen, except that the ammonia is not driven off before the digestion step. Reported in mg/L.
NH4_as_N_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NH4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Nitrate_field_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Nitrate_lab_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NitratePlusNitrite_mgL (double) Nitrate NO3 plus Nitrite NO2 in mg/L. Reported in mg/L.
Nitrite_field_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Nitrite_lab_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO2_field_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO2_lab_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO3_field_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO3_lab_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: WaterDissolvedGas
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Ar_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CH4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CO2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H2S_as_N_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
He_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Kr_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
N2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ne_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
O2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: FreeGas
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Ar_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
C2H6_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CH4_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CO2_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H2_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H2S_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
He_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Kr_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
N2_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ne_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NH3_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NO_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
O2_volpct (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
O2plusAr_volpct (double) Oxygen as O2 plus Ar. Reported as a volume percent.
SO2_volpct (double) Report analyte as percent.
TotalFreeGas_volpct (double) Dissolved gas, reported as a volume percent.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: WaterIsotopes
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Delta_13C_HCO3 (double) Isotopic Ratio of 13-C:HCO3 in carbonate minerals, reported in parts per thousand (per mil).
Delta_13Cmineral_carbonate (double) Isotopic Ratio of 13-C:12-C in carbonate minerals. In geochemistry, paleoclimatology and paleoceanography 13-C is an isotopic signature, a measure of the ratio of stable isotopes 13-C:12-C, reported in parts per thousand (per mil).
Delta_13Ctotal_dissolved (double) Ratio of 13-C:12-C in solution. Carbon-13 (13C) is a natural, stable isotope of carbon and one of the environmental isotopes.
Delta18O_sulfate (double) The delta 18-O value in sulfate.
Delta18Omineral_sulfate (double) Isotopic Ratio of 18-O:16-O in sulfate.
Delta34S (double) Report in ppm.
r11B_10B (double) Carbon-14 as a percent of modern carbon, calibrated. Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with a nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
r14C_pctModern (double) Carbon-14 as a percent of modern carbon, calibrated. Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with a nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
r206Pb_204Pb_diss (double) Isotopic Ratio of 206-Pb : 204-Pb dissolved in solution. Lead (Pb) has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is entirely a primordial nuclide and none of it is radiogenic. The isotopes lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208 represent the ends of decay chains called the uranium series (or radium series), the thorium series, and the actinium series respectively. These series represent the decay chain products of long-lived primoridal U-238, U-235, and Th-232 respectively.
r206Pb_204Pb_rock (double) Isotopic ratio of 207-Pb : 204-Pb in a rock sample. Lead (Pb) has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is entirely a primordial nuclide and none of it is radiogenic. The isotopes lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208 represent the ends of decay chains called the uranium series (or radium series), the thorium series, and the actinium series respectively. These series represent the decay chain products of long-lived primoridal U-238, U-235, and Th-232 respectively.
r207Pb_204Pb_diss (double) Isotopic Ratio of 207-Pb : 204-Pb dissolved in solution. Lead (Pb) has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is entirely a primordial nuclide and none of it is radiogenic. The isotopes lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208 represent the ends of decay chains called the uranium series (or radium series), the thorium series, and the actinium series respectively. These series represent the decay chain products of long-lived primoridal U-238, U-235, and Th-232 respectively.
r207Pb_204Pb_rock (double) Isotopic ratio of 207-Pb : 204-Pb in a rock sample. Lead (Pb) has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is entirely a primordial nuclide and none of it is radiogenic. The isotopes lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208 represent the ends of decay chains called the uranium series (or radium series), the thorium series, and the actinium series respectively. These series represent the decay chain products of long-lived primoridal U-238, U-235, and Th-232 respectively.
r208Pb_204Pb_diss (double) Isotopic Ratio of 208-Pb : 204-Pb dissolved in solution. Lead (Pb) has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is entirely a primordial nuclide and none of it is radiogenic. The isotopes lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208 represent the ends of decay chains called the uranium series (or radium series), the thorium series, and the actinium series respectively. These series represent the decay chain products of long-lived primoridal U-238, U-235, and Th-232 respectively.
r208Pb_204Pb_rock (double) Isotopic ratio of 208-Pb : 204-Pb in a rock sample. Lead (Pb) has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is entirely a primordial nuclide and none of it is radiogenic. The isotopes lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208 represent the ends of decay chains called the uranium series (or radium series), the thorium series, and the actinium series respectively. These series represent the decay chain products of long-lived primoridal U-238, U-235, and Th-232 respectively.
r87Sr_86Sr (double) Isotopic ratios for the stable isotope strontium measured in 87-Sr:87-Sr in a rock sample.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: GasIsotopes
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Delta13C_CO2 (double) Delta 13-C as CO2. Carbon-13 (13C) is a natural, stable isotope of carbon and one of the environmental isotopes.
Delta13C_CH4 (double) The delta 13-C value in CH4.
Delta144Nd_143Nd (double) Delta 144Nd/143Nd ratio.
Delta15N_N2 (double) Delta 15N/N2 ratio. There are two stable isotopes of nitrogen: 14N and 15N.
Delta18O_CO2 (double) Delta 18-O/CO2. In geochemistry, paleoclimatology and paleoceanography delta-O-18 is a measure of the ratio of stable isotopes 18O:16O.
Delta34S_H2S (double) Delta 34S/H2S ratio.
Delta34S_SO4 (double) Delta 34S/SO4 ratio.
r3He_4He (double) Isotopic ratios for the helium isotopes 3-He:4-He in a rock sample.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: IsotopesDissolved
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
AlphaParticleActivity_pCiL (double) Alpha particles are a form of ionizing radiation that is given off by radioactive materials such as uranium and radon. Reported in PicoCuries per liter.
Ce_mgL (double) None
Delta18O_H2O (double) Delta 18-O in water.
Delta18O_steam (double) Delta 18-O in steam.
DeltaDeuterium_H2O (double) Deuterium in water; often used as a tracer in groundwater hydrology, deterium can be found in most natural waters (a.k.a. "Heavy Water").
DeltaDeuterium_steam (double) Deuterium in steam; often used as a tracer in groundwater hydrology, deterium can be found in most natural waters (a.k.a. "Heavy Water").
Ge_mgL (double) None
r18O_16O (double) Isotopic ratios 18-O:16-O for the stable isotope O.
r228Ra (double) None
r230Th (double) None
r232Th (double) None
r234U (double) None
r234U_238U (double) Isotopic ratio of uranium-234:uranium-238.
r235U (double) None
r238U (double) None
r3H_2H (double) Isotopic ratio of hydrogen-3:hydrogen-2.
r3He_4He (double) Isotopic ratio of helium-3:helium-4.
r3He_2He (double) Isotopic ratio of helium-3:helium-2.
Ra226Total_pCiL (double) Total radium-226 reported in PicoCuries per liter.
Rn222_pCiL (double) Total radon-222 reported in PicoCuries per liter.
Te_mgL (double) Report analyte as percent.
Th_mgL (double) Report analyte as percent.
TotalRa_pCiL (double) Total radium reported in PicoCuries per liter.
Tritium_TU (double) Tritium measured in Tritium Units, where 1 TU is defined as the ratio of 1 tritium atom to 1018 hydrogen atoms.
U_activity_pCiL (double) Uranium as reported in PicoCuries per liter.
U_mgL (double) Report analyte as percent.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: SingleAnalyte
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
SamplingFeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record: Thermal Spring, Borehole, Well, Pool, Stream.
OtherSiteID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
DrilledDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature of fluid, in decimal format, when sampled; all temperatures must be reported in degrees Celsius.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation_ft_msl (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
AnalyticalProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
analyte (string) Specifies the analyte described by this suite.
result (string) Text field describing the results of the single analyte analysis.
units (string) Units reported in the single analyte analysis.
uncertainty (string) Measure of uncertainty of the results.
qualifier (string) Statement regarding the single analyte.
measurementMethod (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check. If following a paper or standard include reference.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List
Discussion
Status
Previously deployed services use version 1.9, however version 1.10 has been adopted by the NGDS technical team review. This version combines the Wells and Springs analyses into just one aqueous chemistry service per data provider. Please use the version 1.10 for all future aqueous chemistry services, which will require differentiating the new version in the name of the service. When deploying with ArcMap products, the newest 10.1 version does not allow "." in names of web services, so the use of "_" has been implemented as such: AZAqueousChemistry1_10 Please use this naming convention for new Aqueous Chemistry services.
Created Files Example
Version 1.10 Dec. 19, 2012 WFS GetFeature
Version 1.9 Dec. 18, 2012

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Borehole Lithology Intercepts

This workbook contains the BoreholeLithIntercept content model that specifies content elements for an interchange format for lithology log intercepts associated with a borehole. Fields in the BoreholeLithIntercept Content model will become XML elements in interchange documents for WFS simple features served by AASG-geothermal-data web services. Each intercept feature has a depth coordinate measured from the ground surface along the well bore (convention for interoperability) and a geologic unit specified that will be identical with the content associated with contacts on a geologic map. Other sheets in the workbook provide additional explanatory material and provide information on the origin of the dataset, its review and lineage.

Version 1.1 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: BoreholeLithIntercept
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
BHInterceptURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the borehole intercept. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
WellName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
APINo (string) API number for the the wellbore/borehole identified by the HeaderURI. If an API number is unavailable this field is empty. Usage of hyphens is optional, according to standard practice in each state. API number refers to the American Petroleum Institute number. Each oil, gas, or geothermal well drilled in the United States has a unique API number; this number identifies all boreholes or recompletions associated with the original wellbore. See http://www.spwla.org/technical/api-technical for more information about API numbering.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
OtherName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for feature such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
BoreholeName (string) Human-intelligible name by which the borehole identified by the HeaderURI is known. Convention for wellName is: Name = Operator + Well No. + Lease Owner. A well may consist of multiple boreholes (wellbores). If these are distinguished by different records in this table, they should have the same well names, but distinct BoreholeNames, and at least one identifier (APINo or OtherID) that is unique to the borehole. Conditional obligation - If the HeaderURI identifies a borehole which is one of several within a well, then a BoreholeName is mandatory. Each borehole should have a unique BoreholeName. Separate multiple BoreholeNames with the pipe character '|'.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
ParentWellURI (string) The unique identifier for the well that contains the wellbore identified by WellBoreURI. If the WellBoreURI identifies one of several wellbores within a well, this element is mandatory. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the well.
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for the borehole indicated by this record. This identifier should identify the physical well, based on the API number if available. Otherwise, the URI should incorporate one of the OtherID values. Please contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
SpudDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore began. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1' . If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
EndedDrillingDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore ended. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1' . If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
DrillingMethod (string) Basic drilling technology used in the creation of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI. Separate multiple drilling methods with the pipe '|' character.
WellType (string) Type of well that contains the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element.
Status (string) Status of the feature at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. If unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
InterceptName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the intercept is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Description (string) Free text description of material at the intercept within the borehole. This is considered mandatory, the simplest and minimum amount of information necessary to define why this intercept is differentiated from other adjacent intercepts in the borehole. Also, any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
InterceptType (string) The intercept type within the borehole: Top or bottom.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
InterceptDepth (double) Depth to the top of the borehole intercept (contact) identified by the BHInterceptURI, from borehole origin to intercept.
ElevationGL (double) Elevation in feet at ground level at the well collar location. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
LengthUnits (string) Units used to report all elevation and depth information.
WellBoreShape (string) Term used to indicate the overall shape of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, e.g. vertical, inclined down, curved, horizontal, inclined up, unknown.
TrueVerticalDepth (double) Vertical distance from bottom hole point to elevation of borehole origin.
Permeability (double) The property or capacity of a porous rock, sediment, or soil for transmitting a fluid; it is a measure of the relative ease of fluid flow under unequal pressure.
UnitsPermeability (string) Units for the reported permability. The SI unit for permeability is m^2. A practical unit for permeability is the darcy (D), or more commonly the millidarcy (mD) (1 darcy \approx10−12/m^2).
Porosity (double) The percentage of pore volume or void space, or that volume within rock that can contain fluids.
UnitsPorosity (string) Units of porosity are percent, reported as a decimal value.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
ObservationMethod (string) Report any information pertaining to measurements of the borehole interval, including porosity, permeability, geologic history or other tests performed and data reported. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
GeologicUnitName (string) Name of geologic unit that was sampled. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
SpecificationURI (string) This URI could refer to a GeoSciML feature that describes the instance in detail.
Lithology (string) Description of the lithology of surface geology or geologic column for well interval, e.g. arkose, granite, limestone, sandstone, schist. Recommend using CGI simple lithology vocabulary (see tab in this workbook). Use to account for EarthChem Material, EarthChem Type, EarthChem Composition, alluvium, 36-40': gravels; etc. Include a proportion value for each constituent.
RepresentativeLithologyURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies a category in a lithology generalization scheme. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers borehole lithology intercept observations. Many of these will be standard depth to intercept formations, formation name and measurement procedure, but other information may be delivered. Much of the variation will concern procedures used to recorded the information, citations, and possible other collected data that may be useful for geothermal resource research. The content model should be used when compiling geologic data from published reports, databases, logging events and field notes. The content model presented here is intended to present key information necessary to query a lithology intercept observation service and to evaluate the data.
Status
Currently, services are deployed using version 1.1, which is in review with the working group GDSDPWG.
Created Files Example
Version 1.1 March 6, 2013 WFS GetFeature

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Borehole Lithology Interval Feature

This is a content model for features representing of lithology log intervals associated with a borehole. Each interval has a top and a bottom, measured from the ground surface (convention for interoperability). Each interval has a geologic unit description that will be identical with the content associated with polygons on a geologic map.

Version 0.9 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: BoreholeLithInterval
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
BHIntervalURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the borehole interval. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
WellName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
APINo (string) API number for the the wellbore/borehole identified by the HeaderURI. If an API number is unavailable this field is empty. Usage of hyphens is optional, according to standard practice in each state. API number refers to the American Petroleum Institute number. Each oil, gas, or geothermal well drilled in the United States has a unique API number; this number identifies all boreholes or recompletions associated with the original wellbore. See http://www.spwla.org/technical/api-technical for more information about API numbering.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
OtherName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for feature such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
BoreholeName (string) Human-intelligible name by which the borehole identified by the HeaderURI is known. Convention for wellName is: Name = Operator + Well No. + Lease Owner. A well may consist of multiple boreholes (wellbores). If these are distinguished by different records in this table, they should have the same well names, but distinct BoreholeNames, and at least one identifier (APINo or OtherID) that is unique to the borehole. Conditional obligation - If the HeaderURI identifies a borehole which is one of several within a well, then a BoreholeName is mandatory. Each borehole should have a unique BoreholeName. Separate multiple BoreholeNames with the pipe character '|'.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
ParentWellURI (string) The unique identifier for the well that contains the wellbore identified by WellBoreURI. If the WellBoreURI identifies one of several wellbores within a well, this element is mandatory. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the well.
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for the borehole indicated by this record. This identifier should identify the physical well, based on the API number if available. Otherwise, the URI should incorporate one of the OtherID values. Please contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
SpudDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore began. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1' . If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
EndedDrillingDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore ended. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1'. If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
DrillingMethod (string) Basic drilling technology used in the creation of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI. Separate multiple drilling methods with the pipe '|' character.
WellType (string) Type of well that contains the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element.
Status (string) Status of the feature at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. If unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
IntervalName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the interval is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Description (string) Free text description of material in this lithology interval. This is considered mandatory, the simplest and minimum amount of information necessary to define why this interval is differentiated from other adjacent intervals in the borehole.
IntervalType (string) The interval type based on the method used to collect the measurement of the borehole interval. Default is Lithology Interval.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
DepthTopInterval (double) Depth to the top of the borehole interval identified by the BHIntervalURI, from borehole origin to top of borehole interval.
DepthBottomInterval (double) Depth to the bottom of the borehole interval identified by the BHIntervalURI, from borehole origin to bottom of borehole interval.
DepthReferencePoint (string) The point of reference against which elevation measurements are made. Best practice: use mean sea level (MSL) as datum.
ElevationGL (double) Elevation in feet at ground level at the well collar location. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
LengthUnits (string) Units used to report all elevation and depth information.
WellBoreShape (string) Term used to indicate the overall shape of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, e.g. vertical, inclined down, curved, horizontal, inclined up, unknown.
TrueVerticalDepth (double) Vertical distance from bottom hole point to elevation of borehole origin.
Permeability (double) The property or capacity of a porous rock, sediment, or soil for transmitting a fluid; it is a measure of the relative ease of fluid flow under unequal pressure.
UnitsPermeability (string) Units for the reported permability. The SI unit for permeability is m^2. A practical unit for permeability is the darcy (D), or more commonly the millidarcy (mD) (1 darcy \approx10−12/m^2).
Porosity (double) The percentage of pore volume or void space, or that volume within rock that can contain fluids.
UnitsPorosity (string) Units of porosity are percent.
ObservationMethod (string) Report any information pertaining to measurements of the borehole interval, including porosity, permeability, geologic history or other tests performed and data reported. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
GeologicUnitName (string) Name of geologic unit that was sampled. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
SpecificationURI (string) This URI could refer to a GeoSciML feature that describes the instance in detail.
GeologicHistory (string) Free text description of age or history of the feature.
RepresentativeAgeURI (string) Unique identifier for a named time era that best characterizes the age of the interval. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
YoungerAgeURI (string) Unique identifier for younger age term for interval.
OlderAgeURI (string) Unique identifier for older age term for interval.
Rank (string) Term may use formal stratigraphic rank terms (member, formation, group, bed) or informal rank terms.
Lithology (string) Description of the lithology of surface geology or geologic column for well interval, e.g. arkose, granite, limestone, sandstone, schist. Recommend using CGI simple lithology vocabulary. Use to account for EarthChem Material, EarthChem Type, EarthChem Composition, alluvium, 36-40': gravels; etc.
RepresentativeLithologyURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies a category in a lithology generalization scheme. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List
Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers borehole lithology log interval observations. Many of these will be standard depth to interval, formation name and measurement procedure, but other information may be delivered. Much of the variation will concern procedures used to recorded the information, citations, and possible other collected data that may be useful for geothermal resource research. The content model should be used when compiling geo data from published reports, databases, logging events and field notes. The content model presented here is intended to present key information necessary to query a borehole lithology interval observation service and to evaluate the data. Borehole interval are OGC sampling features, analogous to GeoSciML mappedFeature.
Status
Deployed services use version 0.9 schema. Example services: ESRI REST pages: Wisconsin Borehole Lithology Intervals Oklahoma Borehole Lithology Intervals Example WFS responses: Wisconsin Borehole Lithology Intervals Oklahoma Borehole Lithology Intervals Version 0.9 has been submitted to NGDS technical team review, and the Excel workbook has been adopted for NGDS partner projects and posted on the NGDS web site resources/public documents section.
Created Files Example
Version 0.9 Jan. 8, 2013 WFS GetFeature

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Borehole Temperature Observation

This is a data interchange content model for a subsurface temperature measurement made in a borehole. Header content that characterizes the borehole sampling feature is included with each observation to assist users finding measurements based on location, depth, particular borehole, etc. This information will be provided through a borehole temperature observation service. The HeaderURI for a particular borehole (well for simple wells) is the cross-referencing link (foreign key) used to associate the header record, well logs, temperature measurements, and other information from a particular borehole.

Version 1.5 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: BoreholeTemperature
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
ObservationURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation record. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference logs, samples and other observations to the well or borehole represented by this header. If available, the API (American Petroleum Institute) assigned number is the preferred well name reference. If an APINo is not available, observationURI should include one of the 'OtherID' values (below). If the API number indicates multiple instances of reentry, recompletion, sidetrack, etc., each instance is to have its own HeaderURI. For example, the API number 42-501-20130-0300 indicates a well (42-501-20130) with three sidetracks, for a total of four total boreholes (-0000,-0100, -0200,-0300), each of which should have its own database record and HeaderURI.
WellName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
APINo (string) API number for the the wellbore/borehole identified by the HeaderURI. If an API number is unavailable this field is empty. Usage of hyphens is optional, according to standard practice in each state. API number refers to the American Petroleum Institute number. Each oil, gas, or geothermal well drilled in the United States has a unique API number; this number identifies all boreholes or recompletions associated with the original wellbore. See the Data Valid Terms tab or http://www.spwla.org/technical/api-technical for more information about API numbering
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions. If the API number indicates multiple instances of reentry, recompletion, sidetrack, etc., each instance is to have its own HeaderURI. For example, the API number 42-501-20130-0300 indicates a well (42-501-20130) with three sidetracks, for a total of four total boreholes (-0000,-0100, -0200,-0300), each of which should have its own database record and HeaderURI.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
OtherName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for feature such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
BoreholeName (string) The human-intelligible name of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
Operator (string) Name of company/organization that is operating the well during the reporting period.
LeaseName (string) Name or number of the lease of the well that contains the borehole identified by the HeaderURI.
LeaseOwner (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who own the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
LeaseNo (string) Lease number of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI.
SpudDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore began. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1' . If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
EndedDrillingDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore ended. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1'. If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
WellType (string) Type of well that contains the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element.
Status (string) Status of the borehole at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. If unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
CommodityOfInterest (string) The commodity of interest associated with the borehole.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Function (string) Functional characterization of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI.
Production (string) Term indicating the production results of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI.
ProducingInterval (string) Name of producing interval or intervals in well; separate multiple interval names by '|' character.
ReleaseDate (dateTime) Date on which data for the borehole identified by the HeaderURI was, or will be, made public.
Field (string) Name of the field in which the borehole is located. If multiple names are or have been used for the field, separate values with a pipe '|' character.
OtherLocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. Separate multiple keywords with the pipe '|' character.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
PLSS_Meridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
TWP (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
RGE (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (string) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Parcel (string) Legal parcel identifier, or block number, or other location identifier.
UTM_E (double) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (double) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMDatumZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
LocationUncertaintyCode (string) A controlled vocabulary term or code value specifying the location confidence, e.g. 1 = reported, 2= surveyed, 3= GPS. If such a code list or vocabulary is used, it must be added to the 'Data Valid Terms' sheet to enumerate the possible values and their meaning
LocationUncertaintyRadius (double) Radius (in meters) of circle of confidence for location. Ideally might represent some specific confidence criteria like 'radius of circle around reported location which which true location lies with 95% confidence', but such precision is rarely available.
DrillerTotalDepth (double) Length of borehole, from borehole origin to bottom of borehole.
DepthReferencePoint (string) The point of reference against which elevation measurements are made. Best practice: use mean sea level (MSL) as datum.
LengthUnits (string) Valid choices for units = Meters or Feet. If depth is reported as 'surface' or 'missing', select 'meters'.
WellBoreShape (string) Term used to indicate the overall shape of the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, e.g. vertical, inclined down, curved, horizontal, inclined up, unknown.
TrueVerticalDepth (double) Vertical distance from bottom hole point to elevation of borehole origin.
ElevationKB (double) Elevation at kelly bushing for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
ElevationDF (double) Elevation at drilling floor for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
ElevationGL (double) Elevation at ground level at the well collar location. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
FormationTD (string) Name of geologic unit at the bottom of the well or borehole.
BitDiameterCollar (string) Bit diameter at the origin of the borehole, reported in decimal format.
BitDiameterTD (double) Bit diameter at the bottom of the borehole, reported in decimal format.
DiameterUnits (string) Units of length used to specify diameters in this record. Inches or centimeters, in decimal units.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
MaximumRecordedTemperature (double) For clarity, it is assumed that one temperature will be recorded as a bottom hole temperature, therefore, the "MeasuredTemperature" field should be used.
MeasuredTemperature (double) Report temperture here if instrument records temperature and depth; this may be the same value as reported in the maximum temperature column; if a value is reported here, a DepthOf Measurement value must be reported. At least one Maximum or Measured Temperature is required.
CorrectedTemperature (double) Report the corrected formation temperature in this field.
TemperatureUnits (string) Report temperatures in either degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius. Use same units throughout this document.
TimeSinceCirculation (string) Time since circulation of drilling fluid stopped, in decimal hours. Made string to enable text (e.g., units or less than, more than qualifiers).
CirculationDuration (double) Time that hole was circulated after drilling stopped, in decimal hours; (not available in many cases).
MeasurementProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
CorrectionType (string) Please add your correction type name and a brief description of the correction method used for this. Use this term to populate the template.
DepthOfMeasurement (double) Valid choices for units = Meters or Feet, in decimal format. If depth is reported as 'surface' or 'missing', select 'meters'.
MeasurementDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
MeasurementFormation (string) Name of geologic unit from which temperature was measured. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
MeasurementSource (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
CasingLogger (string) The deepest cased depth encountered during a log run in the borehole.
CasingBottomDepthDriller (double) Bottom of cased interval of the borehole as reported by the driller.
CasingTopDepth (double) Top of cased interval of the borehole.
CasingPipeDiameter (double) Diameter of the casing.
CasingWeight (double) Casing pipe weight per length installed in the borehole.
CasingWeightUnits (string) Units for the reported Casing Weight.
CasingThickness (double) Thickness Casing pipe installed in the borehole. Units must be same as diameter units specified in this record. If multiple pipe thicknesses used, these should be separated by the pipe character '|'.
DrillingFluid (string) Name or type of fluid used during drilling.
Salinity (string) Salinity of the drilling fluid.
MudResistivity (string) Resistivity of the drilling fluid.
Density (string) Mud weight. The density of the drilling fluid.
FluidLevel (string) The depth, or distance from surface, that the fluid in a well incapable of natural flow will reach under static conditions;.reported in same units as reported in LengthUnits.
pH (double) Report the pH of the drilling fluid (no units) in standard pH format.
Viscosity (string) The viscosity of the drilling fluid; resistance to flow.
FluidLoss (string) Leakage of the liquid phase of drilling fluid containing solid particles into the formation matrix.
MeasurementNotes (string) Additional notes regarding the measurement(s).
InformationSource (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
The idea is that each record (feature) in an interchange document represents an individual observation. Thus there are multiple records if there are multiple observations in a single borehole, indexed by depth, procedure, time of observation properties. It’s a data access format, so this results in lots of duplication of the header/indexing information, but keeps life simpler for the client application. This becomes problematic in the continuum from single temperature measurements to a discrete log with measures every 100’ to a continuous temperature log; it’s sort of arbitrary when one switches from the individual temperature measure as being the observation to the ‘log view’ in which the series of measures is the observation result (currently represented as an excel spreadsheet or LAS file)—based mostly on what we think will be most useful to customers.
Status
Current services are deployed using content model version 1.5. For use in GeoServer, please see the app-schema mapping file 'BoreholeTemperature.xml' at http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/resources/documents/App-Schema-Mapping-Files/bht/azboreholetemperatures/ SLDs (Styled Layer Descriptors) can be downloaded from http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/metadata/record/50ec3aefb656b70647f32e38bc1b7479/file/ngdsstyledlayerdescriptors.zip
Created Files Example
Version 1.5 Dec. 18, 2012 WFS GetFeature

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Contour Lines

This information exchange specifies content elements for an interchange format for linear spatial features representing contour (isoline) data. These lines connect locations registering the same value for some variable. Examples include structure contour maps that represent lines of constant elevation on some surface, or gravity anomaly contours that represent lines of constant anomaly value. Fields in the content model will become XML elements in interchange documents for WFS simple features served by geothermal data web services.

Version 1.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: ContourLine
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
contourURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
name (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature (contoured variable, e.g. "Great Unconformity", "Base of Mississippian", 'bouguer gravity anomaly', 'thicnkess of Monterey Formation') is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
description (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature, any special considerations with this instance. If there is a description of the nature of the contoured surface, that should go here, or any other information useful to understand the data.
contourType (string) Term classifying the variable that is contoured.
contourValue (double) The value that the curve represents in decimal format.
units (string) Units used to report contour values.
observationMethod (string) Text indication of how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view). Recommend use of one of the CGI vocabulary terms from the FeatureObservationMethod or MappedFeatureObservationMethod in this workbook. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
positionalAccuracy (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
RelatedResources (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe character '|'.
source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
contourType_uri (string) Unique identifier referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the Contact types. Mandatory property - if no value is provided then a URI referring to a controlled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
specification_uri (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
metadata_uri (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the feature. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for symbol for default portrayal of this feature in some symbol scheme. This is a convenience value, and assumes the existence of SLD or other legend-type artifact that maps from these symbol identifiers to graphical elements. Required. Recommend use of FGDC symbol code used to portray the feature (contour type) on map.
Shape (MultiCurvePropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Status
Version 1.0 has been approved for use by the NGDS working group.
Created Files Example
Version 1.0 June 4, 2013

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Direct Use Feature

Direct use features describe facilities that utilize geothermal energy directly without transformation to electricity. See the NREL Geothermal Direct Use web page for more information. The template here is based on the Direct Use Site spreadsheet provided by the GeoHeat center at the Oregon Institute of Technology.

Version 1.5 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: DirectUseSite
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
FeatureURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
SiteName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
FeatureType (string) Type of feature that is the subject of this record. 'Facility', 'Thermal Spring', 'Borehole', etc.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
OtherLocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
UTM_E (double) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (double) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMDatumZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
LocationUncertaintyCode (string) A controlled vocabulary term or code value specifying the location confidence, E.g. 1 = reported, 2= surveyed, 3= GPS. If such a code list or vocabulary is used, it must be added to the 'Field List' sheet to enumerate the possible values and their meaning.
LocationUncertaintyRadius (double) Radius (in meters) of circle of confidence for location. Ideally might represent some specific confidence criteria like 'radius of circle around reported location which which true location lies with 95% confidence', but such precision is rarely available.
LocationKeyword (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
Status (string) Status of the feature; if unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
HeatApplication (string) Statement for how heat is being used. Should come from controlled vocabulary.
Temperature (double) Water temperature, in decimal format. Degrees Celsius is preferred and will be reported for consistency in service implementations.
TemperatureUnits (string) Report temperatures in either degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius. Use same units throughout this document.
MeasurementProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Flow (double) Fluid production flow rate, reported in decimal format.
FlowUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
FlowMeasurementProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
MeasurementDateTime (dateTime) Date for the record (date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Capacity (double) Heat production capacity of facility, in decimal format.
CapacityUnits (string) For interoperability use MW (megawatt). BTU (British Thermal Units) also may be used.
CapacityProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
EnergyUse (double) Energy used by the facility, on annual basis.
EnergyUseUnits (string) Mandatory if energy use reported. Use GWh/yr (Gigawatt hours/year) for interoperability. MillionBTU and 10E12TJ/yr also possible.
EnergyUseProcedure (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
LoadFactor (string) Heating factor in BTUs.
FacilityContact (string) Person, organization, or position name for information about the facility.
PostalAddress (string) Postal address for facility. Street, City, State.
Zip (string) Zip code for facility; may be used for some geolocation information.
Phone (string) Telephone number to contact party connected with facility.
EMailAddress (string) E-mail address to contact party connected with facility.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the feature. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers Geothermal Direct Use site features. Many of these will be standard map location and IDs, but other information may be delivered. The geothermal direct use content model should be used when compiling data from published and unpublished reports, maps and databases. The content model presented here is intended to present key information necessary to query a direct use feature service and to evaluate the information.
Status
Deployed services use version 1.5 schema. Example services: ESRI REST pages: Massachusetts Direct Use Sites Example WFS responses: Massachusetts Direct Use Sites Version 1.5 has been submitted to NGDS technical team review, and the Excel workbook has been adopted for NGDS partner projects and posted on the NGDS web site resources/public documents section.
Created Files Example
Version 1.5 Dec. 18, 2012 WFS GetFeature

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Drill Stem Test Observations (deprecated)

THIS CONTENT MODEL HAS BEEN SUPERSEDED. PLEASE USE THE WELL TESTS CONTENT MODEL. This spreadsheet defines the schema used for the interchange of drill stem test observation results by the AASG geothermal data project for the National Geothermal Data System. The HeaderURI for a particular borehole (well for simple wells) is the cross-referencing link (foreign key) used to associate the header record, well logs, temperature measurements, and other information from a particular borehole. At minimum the data will report Observation URI, Well Header URI, Well Name, API No, DST Name, DST Operator, Lat Degree, Long Degree, SRS, DST Target Formation, Depth Top Open Zone, Depth Bottom Open Zone, Pressure Initial Shut In, Pressure Final Shut in, Hydrostatic Pressure, Source, and Information Source.

Version 1.8 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: DrillStemTest
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) None
ObservationURI (string) None
WellHeaderURI (string) None
WellName (string) None
WellType (string) None
APINo (string) None
Label (string) None
OtherID (string) None
DSTName (string) None
TestType (string) None
DSTOperator (string) None
DSTDateTime (string) None
DSTNumber (string) None
Status (string) None
StatusDate (string) None
Field (string) None
County (string) None
State (string) None
PLSS_Meridians (string) None
TWP (string) None
RGE (string) None
Section_ (double) None
SectionPart (string) None
Parcel (string) None
UTM_E (double) None
UTM_N (double) None
UTMDatumZone (string) None
LatDegree (double) None
LongDegree (double) None
SRS (string) None
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) None
DSTTargetFormation (string) None
TargetFeatureURI (string) None
DepthTopOpenZone (double) None
ElevationTopOpenZone_msl (double) None
DepthBottomOpenZone (double) None
ElevationBottomOpenZone_msl (double) None
UnitsOfMeasure (string) None
ElevationGL (double) None
DepthReferencePoint (string) None
FormationTD (string) None
HoleDiameter_in (double) None
DrillPipeLength (double) None
DrillPipeInternalDiameter_in (string) None
FlowHistory (string) None
PressureInitialShutIn (double) None
TimeInitialShutIn_min (double) None
PressureFinalShutIn (double) None
TimeFinalShutIn_min (double) None
ShutInPressureMethod (string) None
Units_Pressure (string) None
HydrostaticPressure (double) None
HydrostaticPressureMethod (string) None
EquilibriumPressure (double) None
EquilibriumPressureMethod (string) None
FlowPressureMin (double) None
FlowPressureMax (double) None
FlowPressureMethod (string) None
DrillTestFluid (string) None
FormationTemperature (double) None
TemperatureCorrection (double) None
TemperatureFlowing (double) None
Units_Temperature (string) None
RelatedResource (string) None
Source (string) None
Notes (string) None
InformationSource (string) None
Shape (PointPropertyType) None
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Discussion
The idea is that each record (feature) in an interchange document represents an individual observation. Thus there are multiple records if there are multiple observations in a single borehole, indexed by depth to the open zone, procedure, and information source. It’s a data access format, so this results in lots of duplication of the header/indexing information, but keeps life simpler for the client application. Ideally formation and flow history will be reported.
Status
Services are currently deployed using this 1.8 schema. However, THIS CONTENT MODEL HAS BEEN SUPERSEDED. PLEASE USE THE WELL TESTS CONTENT MODEL. The new Well Tests information exchange allows for more types of well tests than simply drill stem tests.
Created Files Example
Version 1.8 Dec. 18, 2012 WFS GetFeature

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Fluid Flux Injection and Disposal

This workbook documents a content model for exchange of information about fluid fluxes into or out of a well. A generic model is intended to allow for oil, gas, or water injection (negative flow). The focus of this observation type is on injection (any fluid flowed into well) or disposal. Because of the wide variety of possible flow measurements (commodities, aggregation type), the model adopts a thin approach, which may result in many records being returned for a single well. Thus most data about the well is linked through the HeaderURI instead of included inline to keep the redundant data volume down.

Version 1.1 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: FluidFluxInjection
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
ObservationURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
RecordName (string) Common or human-readable name for the record. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
FacilityURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented (facility). Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
Operator (string) Name of company/organization that is operating the well during the reporting period.
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for the borehole indicated by this record. This identifier should identify the physical well, based on the API number if available. Otherwise, the URI should incorporate one of the OtherID values. Please contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
WellName (string) Human-intelligible name by which the feature is known. Convention for wellName is: Name = Operator + Well No. + Lease Owner. A well may consist of multiple boreholes (wellbores). If these are distinguished by different records in this table, they should have the same well names, but distinct BoreholeNames, and at least one identifier (APINo or OtherID) that is unique to the borehole.
APINo (string) API number for the the wellbore/borehole identified by the HeaderURI. If an API number is unavailable this field is empty. Usage of hyphens is optional, according to standard practice in each state. API number refers to the American Petroleum Institute number. Each oil, gas, or geothermal well drilled in the United States has a unique API number; this number identifies all boreholes or recompletions associated with the original wellbore. See the Data Valid Terms tab or http://www.spwla.org/technical/api-technical for more information about API numbering.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
Field (string) Name of the field in which the borehole identified by the HeaderURI is located. If multiple names are or have been used for the field, separate values with a '|' character.
OtherLocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
IntervalStartDateTime (dateTime) Start Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
IntervalEndDateTime (dateTime) End Date for the record:(date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
DurationDays (double) Duration of injection interval described in this record. For interoperability, this interval should be reported in decimal days.
Permit (string) Permit for the fluid transfer activity during this reporting interval. Provide sufficient information to uniquely identify the permit.
FluidType (string) Please use Commodity of Interest vocabulary. Use multiple records (separate multiples with a pipe '|' character) if multiple fluids were produced or injected during reported interval.
FluidVolume (double) Total amount of fluid volume produced by the well during the production interval for this record.
FluidVolumeUnits (string) Unit of measurement used; for liquids the preference is 'gallon'.
Temperature_F (double) Average temperature, in decimal format, of the fluid injected over the course of the time interval for this record.
Pressure_psi (double) Pressure at which fluid is injected; nillable.
AggregationType (string) The method for recording the interval for temperature and pressure, e.g. minimum, maximum, average, spot.
InjectionOrDisposal (string) Term that specifies whether the record refers to injection (negative flow) or disposal (movement out of a well).
MeasurementMethod (string) Text description of how the measurements, in the FluidVolume_Gallons, and AverageTemp_F fields, was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
ContactIntervalTop (double) Top of interval in well from which fluid is injected. Use PPDM (Professional Petroleum Data Management Association) term for interval of well that is coupled to wall rock for fluid transfer.
ContactIntervalBottom (double) Bottom of interval in well from which fluid is injected. Use PPDM (Professional Petroleum Data Management Association) term for interval of well that is coupled to wall rock for fluid transfer.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
RelatedResources (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe character '|'.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Many of these fluid production observations will be a standard map location and production volume, but other information may be delivered. This content model is designed to be used for data compilation from publications, reports, and databases. This content model is intended to present key information necessary to query an injection and disposal fluid production observation service and to evaluate the reported data.
Status
No Services currently deployed using this content model. This content model has been culled from the previous "Fluid Flux Borehole Observation" content model, along with the Well Fluid Production and the Geothermal Fluid Production content models. Version 1.0 has been submitted for NGDS technical team review, and the Excel workbook has been adopted for NGDS partner projects and posted on the NGDS web site resources/public documents section.
Created Files Example
Version 1.1 Dec. 18, 2012

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Geologic Contact Feature

The ContactFeature tab of this workbook indicates the content for Geologic Contact features. The entirety of the workbook is an information exchange workbook for GeoSciML-Portrayal, in which three features for WFS implementation are described (see alsohttp://schemas.usgin.org/models/#geosciml-portrayal-units and http://schemas.usgin.org/models/#geosciml-portrayal-faults). The model is based on the IUGS CGI interoperability working group. See https://www.seegrid.csiro.au/wiki/CGIModel/GeoSciMLPortrayalViewModel. This schema is a view of GeoSciML data that de-normalizes the data and concatenates complex property values into single, human-readable, labels and returns single, representative values from controlled vocabularies for multi-valued properties that can be used when generating thematic maps, or portrayals, of the data. It is separate to, but harmonized with, GeoSciML and conforms to the level 0 of the Simple Features Profile for GML (link). Labels, will be 'free-text' fields that will be, in robust services, well-structured summaries of complex GeoSciML data, while the representative thematic properties will be URIs of concepts in a controlled vocabulary. There may also be links, via identifier URIs, to full GeoSciML representations of the geologic features.

Version 2.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: ContactView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the Contact.
description (string) Text description of the Contact, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
contactType (string) Type of Contact (as defined in GeoSciML).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
contactType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the Contact types. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML Contact feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: ShearDisplacementStructureView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the ShearDisplacementStructure.
description (string) Text description of the ShearDisplacementStructure, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
faultType (string) Type of ShearDisplacementStructure (as defined in GeoSciML).
movementType (string) Summarises the type of movement (eg dip-slip, strike-slip) on the ShearDisplacementStructure.
deformationStyle (string) Describes the style of deformation (eg brittle,ductile etc) for the ShearDisplacementStructure.
displacement (string) Summarises the displacement across the ShearDisplacementStructure.
geologicHistory (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the age of the ShearDisplacementStructure (where age is a sequence of events and may include process and environment information).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
faultType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the fault (ShearDisplacementStructure) type. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
movementType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the ShearDisplacementStructure movement type. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
deformationStyle_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the ShearDisplacementStructure deformation style. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
representativeAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative stratigraphic age interval for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeOlderAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative older value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeYoungerAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative younger value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML ShearDisplacementStructure feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: GeologicUnitView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the GeologicalUnit.
description (string) Text description of the GeologicUnit, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
geologicUnitType (string) Type of GeologicUnit (as defined in GeoSciML).
rank (string) Rank of GeologicUnit (as defined in GeoSciML).
lithology (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the GeologicUnit's lithology.
geologicHistory (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the age of the GeologicUnit (where age is a sequence of events and may include process and environment information).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
geologicUnitType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the GeologicUnit types. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
representativeLithology_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the characteristic or represntative lithology of the unit. This may be a concept that defines the super-type of all lithology values present within a GeologicUnit or a concept defining the lithology of the dominant CompositionPart (as defined in GeoSciML) of the unit.
representativeAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative stratigraphic age interval for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeOlderAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative older value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeYoungerAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative younger value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML GeologicUnit feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
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Discussion
Status
Version 2.0 has now been approved by GeoSciML committees for use.
Created Files Example
Version 2.0 Dec. 18, 2012

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Geologic Fault Feature / Shear Displacement Structure

The ShearDisplacementStructure tab of this workbook indicates the content for Geologic Fault features. The entirety of the workbook is an information exchange workbook for GeoSciML-Portrayal, in which three features for WFS implementation are described (see alsohttp://schemas.usgin.org/models/#geosciml-portrayal-contacts and http://schemas.usgin.org/models/#geosciml-portrayal-units). The model is from the IUGS CGI interoperability working group. See https://www.seegrid.csiro.au/wiki/bin/view/CGIModel/GeoSciMLThematicView... . This schema is a view of GeoSciML data that denormalizes the data and concatenates complex property values into single, human-readable, labels and returns single, representative, values from controlled vocabularies for multi-valued properties that can be used when generating thematic maps, or portrayals, of the data. It is separate to, but harmonized with, GeoSciML and conforms to the level 0 of the Simple Features Profile for GML (link). Labels will be 'free-text' fields that will be, in robust services, well-structured summaries of complex GeoSciML data, while the representative thematic properties will be URIs of concepts in a controlled vocabulary. There may also be links, via identifier URIs, to full GeoSciML representations of the geologic features.

Version 2.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: ContactView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the Contact.
description (string) Text description of the Contact, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
contactType (string) Type of Contact (as defined in GeoSciML).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
contactType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the Contact types. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML Contact feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: ShearDisplacementStructureView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the ShearDisplacementStructure.
description (string) Text description of the ShearDisplacementStructure, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
faultType (string) Type of ShearDisplacementStructure (as defined in GeoSciML).
movementType (string) Summarises the type of movement (eg dip-slip, strike-slip) on the ShearDisplacementStructure.
deformationStyle (string) Describes the style of deformation (eg brittle,ductile etc) for the ShearDisplacementStructure.
displacement (string) Summarises the displacement across the ShearDisplacementStructure.
geologicHistory (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the age of the ShearDisplacementStructure (where age is a sequence of events and may include process and environment information).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
faultType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the fault (ShearDisplacementStructure) type. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
movementType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the ShearDisplacementStructure movement type. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
deformationStyle_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the ShearDisplacementStructure deformation style. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
representativeAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative stratigraphic age interval for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeOlderAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative older value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeYoungerAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative younger value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML ShearDisplacementStructure feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: GeologicUnitView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the GeologicalUnit.
description (string) Text description of the GeologicUnit, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
geologicUnitType (string) Type of GeologicUnit (as defined in GeoSciML).
rank (string) Rank of GeologicUnit (as defined in GeoSciML).
lithology (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the GeologicUnit's lithology.
geologicHistory (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the age of the GeologicUnit (where age is a sequence of events and may include process and environment information).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
geologicUnitType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the GeologicUnit types. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
representativeLithology_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the characteristic or represntative lithology of the unit. This may be a concept that defines the super-type of all lithology values present within a GeologicUnit or a concept defining the lithology of the dominant CompositionPart (as defined in GeoSciML) of the unit.
representativeAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative stratigraphic age interval for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeOlderAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative older value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeYoungerAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative younger value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML GeologicUnit feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List
Discussion
Status
Version 2.0 XML has now been approved by GeoSciML committee. Please use this version.
Created Files Example
Version 1.0 Jan. 8, 2013
Version 1.1 Jan. 8, 2013
Version 2.0 March 6, 2013

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Geologic Reservoir

This information exchange documents information useful to characterize a subsurface reservoir for geothermal potential. The content model was created to provide a template for reservoir data gathered by the Texas BEG to be hosted by the NGDS. Provide a format that is clear and comprehesive so that it may be understood by fellow researchers in future studies. Also provide a standardized data template to allow for easy updating by multiple stakeholders and participants.

Version 0.2 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: GeologicReservoir
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the WellHeaderTemplate.
ReservoirURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented (geologic reservoir). Each geologic reservoir should have a unique identifier. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
ReservoirName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature (Reservoir) is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for site information. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
OtherName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for feature such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Description (string) Free text field for any additional observations or other information regarding the feature (size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
TemperatureMax_F (double) Upper boundary of measured temperature range in reservoir, in decimal format.
TemperatureMin_F (double) Lower boundary of measured temperature range in reservoir, in decimal format.
DepthToTop_ft (double) Depth to top of reservoir.
DepthToBottom_ft (double) Depth to bottom of reservoir.
DominantFormationName (string) Name of geologic formation with the largest thickness in area of interest.
OtherFormationName (string) Other named geologic units that are of interest to the study; separate names with pipe ('|') character.
DominantLithologyName (string) Dominant rock type in reservoir. Use CGI lithology terms (see SimpleLithology2012 tab).
OtherLithologyName (string) Other rock types that are constituents of the reservoir; separate names with pipe ('|') character.
Area_acres (double) Area of reservoir extent. Description text for record should provide some indication of how this was estimated.
Width_ft (double) Maximum dimension of reservoir perpendicular to the length.
Length_ft (double) Maximum horizontal dimension of the reservoir.
SandVolume_cft (double) Volume of sand between specified isolines within data area.
BlockVolume_cft (double) Volume of sediment contained between specified isolines within data area.
PercentSand (double) Sand volume divided by block volume.
AverageNetSandThickness_ft (double) Average net sand thickness across data area as calculated from well log interpretation.
WellCount (integer) Number of wells contained by reservoir in question.
FaultCount (integer) Number of faults contained by field in question.
Faulted (string) Indicate if the reservoir was bounded, or limited in size, by vertical faults. 'Yes' or 'No' may be appropriate indications.
FaultType (string) Indicate general type of fault: Growth, Normal, Thrust.
FaultHydraulicCharacter (string) Provide insight into whether there is fluid flow from greater depths along faults or if they are creating a trap/seal.
FirstProductionDate (dateTime) Date for the record (of first production). Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
LastProductionDate (dateTime) Date for the record (of last production). Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
YearsInProduction (integer) Number of years of active production.
MonthlyProduction_bbl (double) Used to estimate current pressure and most recent production history across the field.
ProductionReportDate (dateTime) Date for monthly production value. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
AverageMonthlyWaterProduction_bbl (double) Average monthly water production for every well in the field.
MinimumMonthlyWaterProduction_bbl (double) Minimum monthly water production from a well in the field.
MaximumMonthlyWaterProduction_bbl (double) Maximum monthly water production from a well in the field.
WaterInjection_bbl (double) Amount of water injected into a formation for disposal purposes or enhanced recovery.
WaterSaturation_pct (double) Water Saturation(%).
WaterTDS_mgl (double) Total Dissolved Solids. Milligrams per liter.
AverageFieldWidePressure_psi (double) Corrected pressure, use standardized drawdown curve to approximate contemporary reservoir pressure values.
AverageFieldWideGradient_degfft (double) Using corrected BHTs from wells in within the field. Degrees Fahrenheit per foot.
PorosityMax_pct (double) Maximum porosity values obtained from public data sources.
PorosityMin_pct (double) Minimum porosity values obtained from public data sources.
PermeabilityMax_mD (double) Maximum permeability based on Literature values for the field or calculated permeability using production tests. Units of millidarcies (mD).
PermeabilityMin_mD (double) Minimum permeability based on Literature values for the field or calculated permeability using production tests.Units of millidarcies (mD).
CementationMineralogy (string) Calcite, Quartz, Iron Oxides, Clay Minerals, etc.
Trap (string) Sealing formation or structural orientation to trap hydrocarbons.
Drive (string) Geopressure, dissolved gas drive, thermal expansion, etc.
WaterDensity (double) Indicate the water (or brine, likely) TDS (total dissolved solids). Unit of measure is mg/L.
CommodityOfInterest (string) The commodity of interest associated with the borehole.
Stimulation (string) A treatment performed to restore or enhance the productivity of a well.
AveragePerforatedThickness_ft (double) Average perforated thickness per well across field.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Separate multiple values with the pipe character '|'.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Shape (GeometryPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Status
Version 0.2 has been approved for use by the NGDS working group.
Created Files Example
Version 0.2 June 3, 2013

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Geologic Units

The GeologicUnitView Feature tab of this workbook indicates the content for Geologic Unit features. The entirety of the workbook is an information exchange workbook for GeoSciML-Portrayal, in which three features for WFS implementation are described (see alsohttp://schemas.usgin.org/models/#geosciml-portrayal-contacts and http://schemas.usgin.org/models/#geosciml-portrayal-faults). The model is based on the IUGS CGI interoperability working group. See https://www.seegrid.csiro.au/wiki/bin/view/CGIModel/GeoSciMLThematicView.... This schema is a view of GeoSciML data that denormalizes the data and concatenates complex property values into single, human-readable, labels and returns single, representative values from controlled vocabularies for multi-valued properties that can be used when generating thematic maps, or portrayals, of the data. It is separate to, but harmonized with, GeoSciML and conforms to the level 0 of the Simple Features Profile for GML (link). Labels will be 'free-text' fields that will be, in robust services, well-structured summaries of complex GeoSciML data, while the representative thematic properties will be URIs of concepts in a controlled vocabulary. There may also be links, via identifier URIs, to full GeoSciML representations of the geologic features. The geologic unit feature content also conforms closely to the content in the USGS-AASG NCGMP09 database design for a description of map units. These features are essentially geographically located descriptions of outcrop to map scale units of rock--including lithologic composition, age, internal structure (bedding, foliation etc.) and genesis. The content model might be associated with map units on a geologic map, individual polygons (on a map) or borehole intervals (in a stratigraphic log), or with point locations to describe outcrops in field data. For descriptions associated with maps or polygons (outcrop areas), location uncertainty properties are not included.

Version 2.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: ContactView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the Contact.
description (string) Text description of the Contact, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
contactType (string) Type of Contact (as defined in GeoSciML).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
contactType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the Contact types. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML Contact feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: ShearDisplacementStructureView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the ShearDisplacementStructure.
description (string) Text description of the ShearDisplacementStructure, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
faultType (string) Type of ShearDisplacementStructure (as defined in GeoSciML).
movementType (string) Summarises the type of movement (eg dip-slip, strike-slip) on the ShearDisplacementStructure.
deformationStyle (string) Describes the style of deformation (eg brittle,ductile etc) for the ShearDisplacementStructure.
displacement (string) Summarises the displacement across the ShearDisplacementStructure.
geologicHistory (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the age of the ShearDisplacementStructure (where age is a sequence of events and may include process and environment information).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
faultType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the fault (ShearDisplacementStructure) type. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
movementType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the ShearDisplacementStructure movement type. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
deformationStyle_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the ShearDisplacementStructure deformation style. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
representativeAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative stratigraphic age interval for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeOlderAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative older value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeYoungerAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative younger value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML ShearDisplacementStructure feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: GeologicUnitView
Name Description
identifier (string) Globally unique identifer. Should have the same value as the corresponding GeoSciML MappedFeature.
name (string) Display name for the the GeologicalUnit.
description (string) Text description of the GeologicUnit, typically taken from an entry on a geological map legend.
geologicUnitType (string) Type of GeologicUnit (as defined in GeoSciML).
rank (string) Rank of GeologicUnit (as defined in GeoSciML).
lithology (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the GeologicUnit's lithology.
geologicHistory (string) Text (possibly formatted with formal syntax) description of the age of the GeologicUnit (where age is a sequence of events and may include process and environment information).
observationMethod (string) Metadata snippet indicating how the spatial extent of the feature was determined. ObservationMethod is a convenience property that provides a quick and dirty approach to observation metadata when data are reported using a feature view (as opposed to observation view).
positionalAccuracy (string) Quantitative values define the radius of an uncertainty buffer around a mappedFeature (eg: a positionAccuracy of 100 m for a line feature defines a buffer polygon of total width 200 m centred on the line).
source (string) Text describing feature-specific details and citations to source materials, and if available providing URLs to reference material and publications describing the geologic feature. This could be a short text synopsis of key inforamtion that would also be in the metadata record referenced by metadata_uri.
geologicUnitType_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept from a vocabulary defining the GeologicUnit types. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
representativeLithology_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the characteristic or represntative lithology of the unit. This may be a concept that defines the super-type of all lithology values present within a GeologicUnit or a concept defining the lithology of the dominant CompositionPart (as defined in GeoSciML) of the unit.
representativeAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative stratigraphic age interval for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeOlderAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative older value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
representativeYoungerAge_uri (string) URI referring to a controlled concept specifying the most representative younger value in a range of stratigraphic age intervals for the GeologicUnit. This will be defined entirely at the discretion of the data provider and may be a single event selected from the geologic feature's geological history or a value summarising the all or part of the feature's history.
specification_uri (string) URI referring the the GeoSciML GeologicUnit feature that describes the instance in detail. Mandatory propery - if not value is provided then a URI referring to a conctrolled concept explaining why the value is nil must be provided.
metadata_uri (string) URI referring to a metadata record describing the provenance of data.
genericSymbolizer (string) Identifier for a symbol from standard (locally or community defined) symbolization scheme for portrayal.
shape (GeometryPropertyType) Geometry defining the extent of the feature of interest.
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Discussion
Status
Version 2.0 has now been approved.
Created Files Example
Version 2.0 March 7, 2013

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Geothermal Area

This package contains both an Excel spreadsheet and an accompanying personal geodatabase (PGD) for data delivery of a Geothermal Area dataset (polygons). Design is focused on providing characteristics of sites identified as having geothermal potential. Geothermal area content for the state geothermal data system is intended as a tool to identify areas that may be associated with geothermal resource potential. Thus, the content model does not include specific measurements/data collection information that would be important for analysis; such information should be accessed by querying other related data sets in the area of interest such as borehole temperature observation services, thermal conductivity services, and published reports. The deliverable is the personal geodatabase containing the geometry information.

Version 0.7 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: GeothermalArea
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
GeothermalAreaURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature (Geothermal Area). Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
FieldName (string) Name of the Geothermal Area. If multiple names are or have been used for the field, separate values with a '|' character.
OtherLocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
ResourceType (string) List the type of resource present in the geothermal field.
GeologicSetting (string) Description of the geologic setting where the resource occurs.
GeothermTempCharacterization (string) Simple characterization of the geothermal resource. Use terms "High Temperature" or "Low Temperature".
LandOwner (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who own the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatCentroid (double) Latitude coordinate of Centroid of polygon defining geothermal area; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongCentroid (double) Longitude coordinate of Centroid of polygon defining geothermal area; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
MeanReservoirTemp (double) Average temperature of the reservoir fluids, in decimal format. Degrees Celsius is preferred and will be reported for consistency in service implementation.
TemperatureUnits (string) Reporting units are either Celsius (preferred) or Fahrenheit. Use same units throughout this document.
EstimatedReservoirVolume (double) Report in km3 (cubic kilometers).
MeanCapacity (double) Report in MW (megawatts) units.
GrossProductionCapacity (double) Total energy production possible, reported in MW units.
NetProductionCapacity (double) Total energy production possible less other production variables, reported in MW units.
NumberOperatingPlants (double) Number of operating plants in the defined geothermal area.
Owners (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who own the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
PowerPurchasers (string) List of those who purchase power from the facilities in the given geothermal area. Separate multiple values with a pipe character '|'.
NumberProductionWells (double) The total number of production wells for all facilities within the given geothermal area.
NumberInjectionWells (double) The total number of the injection wells for all facilities within the given geothermal area.
AverageTemperatureGeofluid (double) Average temperature of the fluids in the geothermal field. Use the same units as defined in TemperatureUnits field.
AverageDepthReservoir (double) The average depth to the reservoir, given in units of km (kilometers).
DevelopmentArea (double) Report in km^2 (square kilometers).
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Shape (GeometryPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers geothermal area polygon features. These data will have general information about land ownership, temperature characterization, geologic setting and information source. The Geothermal Area template is designed to be used for data compilation from maps and field data. The content model presented here is intended to present key information necessary to query a geothermal areas service and to evaluate/investigate geothermal potential.
Status
Version 0.5 Schema All currently deployed services currently use the 0.5 schema, and this schema is recommended for current use. Version 0.7 has been submitted for NGDS technical team review, and the Excel workbook has been adopted for NGDS partner projects and posted on the NGDS web site resources/public documents section.
Created Files Example
Version 0.5 Jan. 8, 2013 WFS GetFeature
Version 0.7 Jan. 9, 2013

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Geothermal Fluid Production (deprecated)

**PLEASE NOTE:** This content model has been superseded by Well Fluid Production content model. Please use that or the Fluid Flux Injection Disposal content models for future fluid production data. This workbook documents a content model for exchange of information about fluid fluxes into or out of a geothermal well. A generic model is intended to allow for oil, gas, or water fluid transfer. Oil and gas facilities may include off-shore platforms, whereas water facilities may include geothermal power plants. Because of the wide variety of possible flow measurements (commodities, aggregation type), the model adopts a thin approach, which may result in many records being returned for a single well. Thus most data about the well is linked through the HeaderURI instead of included inline to keep the redundant data volume down.

Version 1.1 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: GeothermalFluidProduction
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) None
ObservationURI (string) None
RecordName (string) None
Notes (string) None
FacilityURI (string) None
Operator (string) None
ProducingFeature (string) None
HeaderURI (string) None
WellName (string) None
APINo (string) None
OtherID (string) None
County (string) None
State (string) None
Field (string) None
OtherLocationName (string) None
PLSS_Meridians (string) None
TWP (string) None
RGE (string) None
Section_ (string) None
SectionPart (string) None
Parcel (string) None
UTM_E (double) None
UTM_N (double) None
UTMDatumZone (string) None
LatDegree (double) None
LongDegree (double) None
SRS (string) None
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) None
IntervalStartDateTime (string) None
IntervalEndDateTime (string) None
DurationDays (double) None
Permit (string) None
FluidType (string) None
FluidVolume (double) None
FluidVolumeUnits (string) None
Temperature_F (double) None
Pressure_psi (double) None
AggregationType (string) None
MeasurementMethod (string) None
ContactIntervalTop (double) None
ContactIntervalBottom (double) None
Source (string) None
MetadataURI (string) None
RelatedResources (string) None
Shape (PointPropertyType) None
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Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers geothermal fluid production observations. Many of these will be a standard map location and production volume, but other information may be delivered. The geothermal fluid production content model is designed to be used for data compilation from publications, reports, and databases. This content model is intended to present key information necessary to query a geothermal fluid production observation service and to evaluate the reported data.
Status
No Services currently deployed using this content model.
Created Files Example
Version 1.1 Dec. 18, 2012

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Geothermal Metadata Compilation

This template is for use in compiling metadata content in a structured tabular format that can be automatically transformed into any of several metadata encoding and content schemes. The content is based on the USGIN Recommended Metadata Model The goal of this template is to make metadata creation easier while still complying to metadata requirements for the: National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) project OGC Catalog Service for the Web (CSW) protocol ISO 19139 (international geospatial metadata) standard FGDC CSDGM (federal geospatial metadata) standard See also: USGIN content recommendations for geoscience information resources. USGIN full ISO 19139 metadata profile (ISO 19115 and ISO 19119).

Version 1.3.5 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Discussion
This spreadsheet is somewhat different from other templates in that the column names in the spreadsheet are not precisely the same as xml elements in the interchange document used to transport the metadata content. Metadata is being encoding for the NGDS using ISO19139 xml encoding of ISO 19115 content. This is a complex XML schema that can not be fully represented in the flat table format offered by a spreadsheet. Column names in the spreadsheet correspond to element names in the XML loosely.
Status
Created Files Example
Version 1.3.5 Jan. 8, 2013

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Geothermal Power Plant Facility

This information exchange indicates content requested for features representing Geothermal Power Plant locations. Design is focused on power plants portrayed as geospatial points with an associated plant type, capacity in megawatts, and use application. Power plant data for the geothermal data system is intended as a tool to identify sites with existing power plants. Thus, the content model may not include detailed information that would be important for determining geothermal potential; such information should be accessed by including related resource links. As such, data should be restricted to records for existing facilities.

Version 0.2 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: PowerPlantFacility
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
FacilityURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
PlantName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
PlantType (string) Dry Steam; Flash Steam; Binary Cycle; Single Flash; Double Flash. If Unknown or missing place "nil:missing" or "nil:unknown"
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. 'Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
Owner (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who own the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
Operator (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who operate the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
OperationalDate (dateTime) Date for the record (year in which the first power plant at the site began operation). Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Status (string) Status of the feature at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. If unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
PLSS_Meridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001 N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (string) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
UTM_E (double) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (double) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMDatumZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
LocationUncertaintyCode (string) A controlled vocabulary term or code value specifying the location confidence, E.g. 1 = reported, 2= surveyed, 3= GPS. If such a code list or vocabulary is used, it must be added to the 'Data Valid Terms' sheet to enumerate the possible values and their meaning.
LocationUncertaintyRadius (double) Radius (in meters) of circle of confidence for location. Ideally might represent some specific confidence criteria like 'radius of circle around reported location which which true location lies with 95% confidence', but such precision is rarely available.
LocationKeyword (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
UseApplication (string) Statement for how heat is being used. Should come from controlled vocabulary.
Capacity_MW (double) Production capacity of the power plant in MW. Included as a search parameter.
FacilityContact (string) Person, organization, or position name for information about the facility.
PostalAddress (string) Postal address for facility. Street, City, State.
Zip (string) Zip code for facility; may be used for some geolocation information.
Phone (string) Telephone number to contact party connected with facility.
EMailAddress (string) E-mail address to contact party connected with facility.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Water temperature, in decimal format. Degrees Celsius is preferred and will be reported for consistency in service implementations.
Flow_gpm (double) Fluid production flow rate.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
UpdateTimeStamp (dateTime) Date of last time line of data was updated or corrected by the service provider.(Format: 2012-06-22T00:00).
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers Geothermal Power plant features. Many of these will be standard map location and IDs, but other information may be delivered. The geothermal power plant content model is designed to be used for data compilation from reports, maps, and databases. The content model presented here is intended to present key information necessary to query a power plant feature service and to evaluate the information. Service name will be PowerPlantFacilities, with layer name indicated as PowerPlantFacility.
Status
Services are currently deployed using the 0.2 version.
Created Files Example
Version 0.2 Dec. 18, 2012 WFS GetFeature

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Gravity Stations

This information exchange defines data model for observations of the acceleration of gravity. Fields in the content model will become XML elements in interchange documents for WFS simple feature in the USGIN system.

Version 0.1 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: GravityStation
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
ObservationURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
ObservationLabel (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
StationName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset. The station plays the role of 'sampling feature' for the gravity observation.
StationIdentifier (string) Unique identifier for the station at which the observation was made.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. 'Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix for 1337 would be azgs:, and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
Elevation_m (double) Elevation, in meters, at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
VerticalDatum (double) The point of reference against which elevation measurements are made. Best practice: use mean sea level (MSL) as datum.
ObservationDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
ObservedGravity_mgal (double) Value of acceleration of gravity as measured using the instrument and procedure described in the Procedure element.
CompleteBouguerValue_mgal (double) Observed gravity measurement with Latitude, FreeAir, Bouguer, and Terrain corrections applied. 4 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6).
LatitudeCorrection_mgal (double) The gravity measurement with a latitude correction applied (see Keller, 2007; http://www.geophysik.uni-muenchen.de/~jowa/praktikum09/gravity_data.pdf, page 6). 4 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6).
FreeAirCorrection_mgal (double) Correction for variation in observed gravity based on elevation of station; Newton’s law of gravitation predicts that gravity varies with distance from the center of the Earth. 4 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6).
BouguerCorrection_mgal (double) Correction for variation of gravity with elevation due to the mass of the material between the gravity station and the vertical datum. 4 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6).
TerrainCorrection_mgal (double) Correction for effects of nearby topography. Hills and valleys attract the mass in the gravimeter (valleys are considered to have negative density with respect to the surrounding rocks) and reduces the observed value of gravity. This correction is always positive (a hill pulls up on the mass in the gravimeter and a valley is a mass deficiency). 4 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6).
IsostaticCorrection_mgal (double) Correction to account for the gravitational effects of the masses that compensate topography and remove them from the Free Air or Bouguer anomaly values.
Uncertainty_mgal (double) Data contributors should include an estimated accuracy for their data (USGS OFR 02-463, p.6). 4 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6).
ObservationMethod (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
Instrument (string) Name of the instrument used to make the observation.
Observer (string) Name of the individual who made the observation.
BaseStation (string) Name of base station used as calibration for measurement.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Separate multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Status
Version 0.1 has been approved for use by the NGDS working group.
Created Files Example
Version 0.1 June 4, 2013

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Heat Flow

This spreadsheet indicates the content requested for observation features representing Heat Flow measurements. The content model is based on specifications gathered from the SMU Heat Flow database, and has been extended to include the specifics of Heat Flow data from other parties. Minimal required features include Observation URI, Well Name, Header URI, Label, County, State, Latitude and Longitude Degrees, Source, Driller Depth, Interval, Thermal Conductivity, Gradient, Heat Flow, and Heat Flow Method.

Version 1.23 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: HeatFlow
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
ObservationURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
ObservationName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
HeatFlowType (string) Valid terms are SiteHF or IntervalHF Site = 'best' or 'highest confidence' value for the location. Interval = a unique combination of temperature, thermal conductivity, and heatflow for a location. If there is only one set of data (a single observation) for a location, use 'Site' in this field. If subsequent values become become available for a given location, the 'Site' value must be updated accordingly.
RelatedHeatFlowIntervalsURI (string) If Heat Flow value is based on multiple intervals, observationURIs are listed here. Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for the borehole indicated by this record. This identifier should identify the physical well, based on the API number if available. Otherwise, the URI should incorporate one of the OtherID values. Please contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
APINo (string) API number for the the wellbore/borehole identified by the HeaderURI. If an API number is unavailable this field is empty. Usage of hyphens is optional, according to standard practice in each state. API number refers to the American Petroleum Institute number. Each oil, gas, or geothermal well drilled in the United States has a unique API number; this number identifies all boreholes or recompletions associated with the original wellbore. See the Data Valid Terms tab or http://www.spwla.org/technical/api-technical for more information about API numbering.
WellName (string) Human-intelligible name by which the feature is known. Convention for wellName is: Name = Operator + Well No. + Lease Owner. A well may consist of multiple boreholes (wellbores). If these are distinguished by different records in this table, they should have the same well names, but distinct BoreholeNames, and at least one identifier (APINo or OtherID) that is unique to the borehole.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. 'Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Owner (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who own the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
LeaseName (string) Name of lease; usually incorporates property owner.
Field (string) Name of the field in which the borehole is located. If multiple names are or have been used for the field, separate values with a pipe '|' character.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegreeWGS84 (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature using WGS1984; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegreeWGS84 (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature using WGS1984; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSS_Meridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
TectonicProvince (string) Tectonic division of a region based on geology.
OtherLocationName (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, separate these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
PublicationSource (string) Most recent source of the Heat Flow Value, e.g., journal, book, report, internet site, etc. Consists of 2 parts: Primary Author's last name, Year Published; if available include the Publication Unique ID. If unpublished, include owner/location of data (e.g., unpublished SMU 2011).
AdditionalSources (string) For more than one publication, list older references here. List data sources for other parameters, e. g., conductivity, climate data, surface temperature, cross-sections, etc; text description of observation lineage / provenance.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
WellType (string) Type of well that contains the borehole.
WellDrillDate (dateTime) Date of well activity entered in WellDrillDateType field. Specify day, month and year; Will be displayed using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,').All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm.
WellDrillDateType (string) Provide what the 'drill date' represents. e.g. Spud/Start, Completion, Well Header date, etc.
Elevation (double) Elevation of the well. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
ElevationType (string) Specify where value in elevation field refers to. Valid terms include: GL-Ground level, KB - Kelly bushing, DF - Derrick floor, well collar, other, unknown.
DepthUnits (string) Units used to report all elevation and depth information.
DrillerTotalDepth (double) Length of borehole identified by the HeaderURI, from borehole origin to bottom of borehole.
TimeSinceCirculation (string) The amount of time since circulation in well stopped before temperature was taken. Stated on Well Log Header.
TemperatureUnits (string) Report temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius. Use same units throughout this document.
TemperatureMeasureType (string) Method used to collect temperatures. Valid terms include: BHT (Bottom Hole Temperature from well log header), EQ (Equilibrium or precision data collected using temperature logging gear), MRT (Maximum Reading Thermometers), PL (from Pressure Log), Inferred (e.g. from Heat Production), Other, or Unknown.
SurfaceTemperature (double) Average Surface Ground Temperature at site based on shallow drilling (~10 m) or the average annual air temperature for the past decade.
BHT (double) Bottom Hole Temperature or Maximum Temperature from drilling log header of oil/gas well or well with only the log header available. Report temperatures in either degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius. Use same units throughout this document.
BHTCorrectedValue (double) Bottom Hole Temperature value corrected for drilling fluid influence on measurement. Estimate of an in situ value.
BHTCorrectionType (string) Method used to correct the BHT to what is estimated as an in situ value, e.g., Harrison, Förster, Horner, etc.
EqLog_MeasurementDate (dateTime) Equilibrium Log Date for the record (date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
EqLog_TotalDepth (double) Temperature Log or MRT (Maximum Reading Thermometer) total depth measured.
EqLogTemperatureTop (double) Shallowest depth of a measured hole temperature.
EqLogTemperatureMax (double) Hottest measured hole temperature.
EqLogTemperatureBottom (double) Deepest depth of measured hole temperature.
SiteHeatFlow (double) Highest confidence site value for heat flow based on all available intervals, corrections, quality confidence, etc. Value used for Heat Flow maps. (preferred units are mW/m2).
SiteValueMethod (string) Text description of method used to determine site values - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check. Single value, Mean Average, average after removal of specific 'outlier' interval values, etc.
Intervals (double) Number of interval measurements within this well. Default is 1.
IntervalTopDepth (double) Depth to the top of the interval being tested.
IntervalBottomDepth (double) Depth to the bottom of the interval being tested.
ThermalConductivityUnits (string) Units used for thermal conductivity value. Preferred units are Watt per meter per Kelvin (W m-1/K-1).
IntervalThermalConductivity (double) Laboratory measurement or estimated in situ rock thermal conductivity value for the depth interval. If 'intervals' = 1 (default) this value should be identical to SiteThermalConductivity.
SE_Conductivity (double) Standard Error for Conductivity Value.
ConductivitySampleType (string) Rock Cuttings, Core, Estimate, Cross-Section Name, Reference Name, Log Type, etc. When known, include Type and reference, e.g., Cross-Section: COSUNA CSR29; Estimate based on USGS Valley Fill value.
ConductivityNumSamples (string) Number of conductivity samples run to get measurement value.
ConductivityMeasuredURI (string) Related information on Conductivity template; give link information. Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
GradientUnits (string) °C/km (preferred) or °C/m or °F/100ft or °F/ft. Note: degrees Celsius per kilometer (°C/km) is equivalent to milliwatts Kelvin per meter (mKm⁻1).
IntervalUncorrectedGradient (double) Gradient determined from initial temperatures for interval depth.
SE_UncorrectedGradient (string) Standard Error for Uncorrected Gradient Value; this can also be used for comments on gradient calculation.
IntervalCorrectedGradient (double) Thermal gradient measurement for the depth interval with corrected temperature and terrain corrections applied.
SE_CorrectedGradient (string) Standard Error for Corrected Gradient Value; this can also be used for comments on gradient calculation.
IntervalCorrectedGradientMethod (string) How correction was determined: "2-D Terrain" or "3-D Terrain" or "Corrected BHT" or "Climate" or "Hydrology" or "other". Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
HeatFlowUnits (string) Units used for heat flow values. Preferred units are milliWatts per meter squared (mW/m2).
IntervalUncorrectedHeatFlow (double) Uncorrected heat flow value for the depth interval. Based on thermal conductivity and uncorrected gradient.
SE_UncorrectedHeatFlow (string) Standard Error for Heat Flow Value.
IntervalCorrectedHeatFlow (double) Calculated or estimated corrected heat flow value based on corrected gradient and thermal conductivity. If 'Intervals' = 1 (default) this value will be identical to SiteHeatFlow. Possible to have only heat flow value from publication without gradient and conductivity information.
SE_CorrectedHeatFlow (string) Standard Error for Corrected Heat Flow Value. Free text to allow flexibility.
IntervalHF_QualityCode (string) Quality Code to indicate confidence of the heat flow value for well. When there is more than one well interval, add Heat Flow Quality to the primary interval. For Equilibrium Logs: A - High Quality Data: Deeper than 100 meters with at least a 50 meter linear gradient with corrections applied; B - Medium Quality Data: Deeper than 50 meters with gradient corrections applied; C - Poor Quality Data: Shallow; Isothermal; D - Use for background information but not mapping; G - Geothermal System: too high a value for regional maps; X - data accuracy low but want site recorded; For BHT Data: BHT-C: Many wells nearby with similar values; BHT-X: Single data source with no method to confirm accuracy of temperature or unreliable conductivity values. Other defined codes may be added.
HF_QualityStatisticsMethod (string) Method for determining the assigned Quality for heat flow values, e.g., Bullard Plot, Area Statistics, or Quality Code. Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
HeatGenerationUnits (string) Units for Heat Generation. Preferred units are muWatts per meter cubed (μW/m3).
HeatGeneration (double) Calculated value(s) from K, U, Th for an interval or for a drill hole.
HG_NumberSamples (string) Number of Heat production samples used to determine the Heat Generation value.
WaterTableTop (double) Depth for Top of Water Table based on log information. Depth units must be consistent with units stated above.
WaterTableTemperature (double) Measured, calculated or inferred value from equilibrium temperature logging. Units must be consistent with temperature units above.
LithologyInformation (string) Description of the lithology of surface geology or geologic column for well interval, e.g. arkose, granite, limestone, sandstone, schist. Recommend using CGI simple lithology vocabulary (see tab in this workbook). Use to account for EarthChem Material, EarthChem Type, EarthChem Composition, alluvium, 36-40': gravels; etc.
FormationName (string) Name of geologic unit for interval section or BHT value of well. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude; therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Note that thermal gradient observations based on two (or more) temperature measurements in a borehole that are not converted to heat flow measurements for whatever reason (thermal conductivity uncertainty...) should be reported as multiple BoreholeTemperature Observation features.
Status
The latest version of the content model (v1.23) has been adopted by the NGDS technical team review. Please use this version for future services, which will require differentiating the version in the service name. When deploying with ArcMap products, the newest version does not allow "." in names of web services, so the use of "_" has been implemented as such: AZHeatFlow1_23 Please use this naming convention for future Heat Flow services. For use in GeoServer, please see the app-schema mapping file 'HeatFlow.xml' at http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/resources/documents/App-Schema-Mapping-Files/hf/azheatflow/ SLDs (Styled Layer Descriptors) can be downloaded from http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/metadata/record/50ec3aefb656b70647f32e38bc1b7479/file/ngdsstyledlayerdescriptors.zip
Created Files Example
Version 1.15 March 6, 2013
Version 1.23 March 7, 2013 WFS GetFeature

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Heat Pump Facility

This spreadsheet indicates the content requested for features representing heat pump facility locations. Design is focused on sites/facilities portrayed as geospatial points with associated facility type, use application, and operational date. Heat Pump facility data for the geothermal data system is intended as a tool to identify information related to facility construction and location, thus the content model may not include detailed information. Such information should be accessed by including related resource links. As such, data is intended to be restricted to records for existing heat pump facilities.

Version 0.6 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: HeatPumpFacility
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
FacilityURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the facility. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
FacilityName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the facility is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
Label (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
FacilityOwner (string) Companies, individuals, or other entities who own the property. Separate multiple with a pipe '|' character.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
FacilityStatus (string) Status of the feature at the time indicated in the StatusDate element. If unknown enter "unknown" in the field.
StatusDate (dateTime) The status of the feature can change from time to time, thus it is useful to know the date on which a given status was reported. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SystemType (string) Physical type of the system.
HeatExchangeSystem (string) Name of compound used to facilitate heat exchange. (Glycol, CO2, Water, Ethylene).
HVAC_specs (string) Additional specifications of the HVAC system with respect to the physical installation.
DateInstalled (dateTime) Date facility installation was completed. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
HeatApplication (string) Statement for how heat is being used. Should come from controlled vocabulary.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
PLSS_Meridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001 N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
OtherLocationInformation (string) Names of geographic features associated with the site that will be useful as search criteria to locate the information for this site. If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'.
UTM_E (string) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (string) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMDatumZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for facility site center point; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for facility site center point; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g., 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
Driller (string) Name of contractor that drilled the borehole(s) for the Heat Pump facility.
NumberOfWells (double) Enter the number of wells for the completed system.
SpacingAvg_ft (double) The average distance between boreholes in feet.
SpudDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
EndedDrillingDate (dateTime) Date on which drilling of the well bore ended. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1'. If year is unknown, enter 1900. All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm. This is intended as a searching aid.
Permit (string) Permit(s) assigned to the facility; if identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character.
ElevationGL (double) Elevation, in meters, at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL). If elevation varies, use the average elevation.
DrillerTotalDepth_ft (double) Length of borehole from borehole origin to bottom of borehole. If there are multiple wells, use the depth of the deepest well.
HoleDiameter_in (double) Bit diameter at the origin of the borehole, reported in inches in decimal format.
CasingType (string) Type of casing used in the borehole, for example "steel" or "plastic".
CasingDiameter_in (double) Internal (ID) or external diameter (ED) should be noted. Units must be same as those used to report bit diameter (Diameter units column). Note that if there are different casing types over different intervals in the well bore, these should be noted in tuples delimited by the pipe character '|' as follows: {top-bottom1, diameter1, xD1 | top-bottom2, diameter2, xD2}.
CasingDepth_ft (double) Bottom of cased interval of the borehole as reported by the driller..
DepthToWater_ft (double) Depth to groundwater in feet.
Depth_ft (double) Depth of the trench that is part of the system identified by the FacilityURI.
NumberOfTrenches (double) The number of trenches that are part of the system identified by the FacilityURI.
FluidType (string) Please use Commodity of Interest vocabulary; use multiple records if multiple fluids produced or injected during reported interval.
PipeDiameter_in (double) Diameter of the pipe, in decimal inches, used to convey the fluid within the system.
PipeMaterial (string) Material of the pipe used to convey the fluids.
PipeTotalLength_ft (double) Total length of the pipe in the system in decimal feet.
LithologyDescription (string) Description of the lithology of surface geology or geologic column for well interval, e.g. granite, sandstone, limestone, arkose, schist. Recommend using CGI simple lithology vocabulary (see tab in this workbook). Use to account for EarthChem Material, EarthChem Type, EarthChem Composition.d alluvium, 36-40': gravels; etc.
GeologicFormation (string) Name of geologic unit that was encountered during drilling or trenching. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
FacilityContact (string) Person, organization, or position name for information about the facility.
PostalAddress (string) Postal address for facility. Street, City, State.
Zip (string) Zip code for facility; may be used for some geolocation information.
Phone (string) Telephone number to contact party connected with facility.
EMailAddress (string) E-mail address to contact party connected with facility.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
UpdateTimeStamp (dateTime) Date of last time line of data was updated or corrected by the service provider.(Format: 2012-06-22T00:00).
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
This template defines the content model for a service that delivers heat pump facility features. Many of these will be standard map location and IDs, but other information may be delivered. Much of the variation will concern system information such as system type and citations. The heat pump facility content model is designed to be used for data compilation from permits, databases, and field data. The content model presented here is intended to present key information necessary to query a heat pump facility feature service and to evaluate site specific information.
Status
Version 0.6 schema Version 0.6 has been submitted for NGDS technical team review, and the Excel workbook has been adopted for NGDS partner projects and posted on the NGDS web site resources/public documents section.
Created Files Example
Version 0.6 Dec. 19, 2012 WFS GetFeature

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Hydraulic Properties

This information exchange is an aid for compiling data for delivery as hydraulic property observations for the National Geothermal Data System. The HydraulicPropertyObservation worksheet specifies content elements for an interchange format for data obtained from boreholes. Fields in that spreadsheet will become XML elements in interchange documents for WFS simple features/geothermal data web services. Typically hydraulic properties are collected during pump testing and/or laboratory analysis, and this information will be provided through a hydraulic property observation service. The HeaderURI for a particular borehole (well for simple wells) is the cross-referencing link (foreign key) used to associate the header record, well logs, temperature measurements, and other information from a particular borehole.

Version 1.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: HydraulicProperty
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
ObservationURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
ObservationName (string) The human-intelligible name for the observation; may be a concatenation of observation type and feature name.
WellType (string) Type of well that contains the borehole identified by the HeaderURI, at the time indicated in the StatusDate element.
HeaderURI (string) Unique identifier for the borehole indicated by this record. This identifier should identify the physical well, based on the API number if available. Otherwise, the URI should incorporate one of the OtherID values. Please contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
WellName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
County (string) County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) State without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegreeWGS84 (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegreeWGS84 (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature; values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g., 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
DepthTopInterval_ft (double) Depth to the top of the interval, reported in feet from borehole origin.
DepthBottomInterval_ft (double) Depth to the bottom of the interval, reported in feet from borehole origin.
RockType (string) Free text name for lithology category of sample, e.g. biotite-hornblende granite, lithofeldspathic sandstone, calcareous arkose, biotite schist.
Lithology (string) Description of the lithology of surface geology or geologic column for well interval, e.g. granite, sandstone, limestone, arkose, schist. Recommend using CGI simple lithology vocabulary (see tab in this workbook). Use to account for EarthChem Material, EarthChem Type, EarthChem Composition, alluvium, 36-40': gravels; etc.
GeologicUnitName (string) Name of geologic unit that was sampled. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
VerticalConductivity_ft_day (double) Physical property that quantitatively describes the ability of a fluid to move vertically through the pore spaces and/or fractures in a material. Report Conductivity values in ft/day.
HorizontalConductivity_ft_day (double) Physical property that quantitatively describes the ability of a fluid to move horizontally through the pore spaces and/or fractures in a material. Report Conductivity values in ft/day.
SpecificStorage (double) The volume of water an aquifer releases from or takes into storage per unit surface area of the aquifer per unit change in head.
UnitsStorage (string) Units for the reported specific storage. (1/[length]).
Permeability (double) The property or capacity of a porous rock, sediment, or soil for transmitting a fluid; it is a measure of the relative ease of fluid flow under unequal pressure.
UnitsPermeability (string) Units for the reported permability. The SI unit for permeability is m^2. A practical unit for permeability is the darcy (D), or more commonly the millidarcy (mD) (1 darcy \approx10−12/m^2).
SpecificYield_percent (double) The ratio of the volume of water that a given mass of saturated rock or soil will yield by gravity to the volume of that mass.
Transmissivity (double) The transmissivity is a measure of how much water can be transmitted horizontally, such as to a pumping well. Transmissivity is directly proportional to horizontal hydraulic conductivity and thickness of the transmitting layer.
Transmissivity_units (string) Units are (length)^2/Time.
EffectivePorosity (double) The percentage of pore volume or void space, or that volume within rock that can contain fluids.
ObservationMethod (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Status
Version 1.0 has been approved for use by the NGDS working group.
Created Files Example
Version 1.0 June 4, 2013

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Physical Sample

This workbook documents a content model for basic data characterizing a physical sample. The content model is based on consideration of content requested for SESAR, EarthTime, GeoSciML, Storet, ISO19115. Focus is on terrestrial (land based) samples. Content model includes sufficient information for SESAR registration (see http://www.geosamples.org/), but is not complete with all possible content in the SESAR sample data model.

Version 0.8 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: PhysicalSample
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenLabel (string) Short text string to identify/characterize the samples used in this observation; may include one or more sample names as provided by the sample collector or analyzing laboratory.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text description of sample, including size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc.
ParentSpecimenURI (string) Identifier for a specimen from which this specimen was sub-sampled; e.g. if a piece from a registered core is registered as a separate sample, this would be the identifier for the core.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
GeologicUnitName (string) Name of geologic unit that was sampled. Include hierarchy of names if the unit is part of a higher-rank geologic unit, e.g. Group name/Formation name, or Formation/Member, or Group/ Formation. Spell out unit names in full.
FeatureOfInterestURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Human-intelligible name of sample location, e.g. well, outcrop, 'Exxon 1 Cochise well', 'Outcrop on Hwy 63 mile marker 125' etc. from which the specimen was obtained. If missing, use OGC nil value (see OGC_nilValues tab).
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
MaterialClass (string) Category from simple material classification scheme e.g. rock, sediment, aqueous liquid, other liquid, gas, biological material.
LithologyTerms (string) Description of the lithology of surface geology or geologic column for well interval, e.g. granite, sandstone, limestone, arkose, schist. Recommend using CGI simple lithology vocabulary. Use to account for EarthChem Material, EarthChem Type, EarthChem Composition, alluvium, 36-40': gravels; etc.
RockName (string) Free text name for lithology category of sample, e.g. biotite-hornblende granite, lithofeldspathic sandstone, calcareous arkose, biotite schist.
SpecimenCollector (string) Free text specification of person, organization, affiliation, address, etc. for party that originally collected specimen. Include contact information if available.
SpecimenCollectorURI (string) Unique identifier for party that originally collected specimen. Ideally an http URI that will dereference to some standard representation like CI_ResponsibleParty (ISO19115).
DateCollected (dateTime) Date for the record (date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
CollectionMethod (string) Coring, blasting, dredging, etc.
CollectionPurpose (string) Analysis, sample collection, etc.
SpecimenType (string) TTerm to describe the type of specimen. Use term from list of Specimen types. If the specimen type collected is not present on this list, add the specimen type to the list in the example column.
SpecimenMass_kg (double) Measured or best estimate of mass of sample; report in kilograms for interoperability.
CurrentCurationLocation (string) Free text Name of institutiion, museum, or repository where the sample is currently stored.
SpecimenCuration (string) Other information about specimen curation-previous history of curation; contact information for person who should be contacted for information about or access to the sample.
CuratorURI (string) Identifier for the party that currently has stewardship of the specimen. Ideally an http URI that will dereference to a standard CI_ResponsibleParty type representation of the party.
AccessConstraint (string) Text specification of constraints on access to this sample description. Might include a date when information becomes public, and term like: public, private, sandbox, for use by sample catalog system.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LocationKeyword (string) Additional information or more geographic names associated with sample collection location; if multiple names supplied, delimit with pipe '|' character, e.g. Arizona | La Paz County | Harquahala Mountains | Browns Canyon.
PLSS_Meridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
TWP (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
RGE (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Parcel (string) Legal parcel identifier, block number or other parcel or location identifier.
UTM_E (double) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (double) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
LocationDescription (string) Free text description of the sample location, the specific place where your sample was collected, method used to determine the location of the sample, e.g. GPS, DVL, or relation to parent sample.
VerticalExtentMax_m (double) Maximum elevation at which a sample was collected [in meters]. Use negative values for depth below sea level. Minimum elevation if a range is provided for the elevation/depth below sea level. “678.5”; “-4536” (=4536 meters depth below sea level).
VerticalExtentMin_m (double) Minimum elevation at which a sample was collected [in meters]. Use negative values for depth below sea level. Minimum elevation if a range is provided for the elevation/depth below sea level. “678.5”; “-4536” (=4536 meters depth below sea level).
DatumElevation_m (string) The point of reference against which elevation measurements are made. Best practice: use mean sea level (MSL) as datum.
SampledFeatureMinAge_Ma (string) Numerical value for the minimum age of a sample expressed in Ma (million years); ex: 4.2.
SampledFeatureMaxAge_Ma (string) Numerical value for the maximum age of a sample expressed in Ma (million years); ex: 4.2.
GeologicAge (string) Age of a sample as described by the stratigraphic  era, period, etc. “Cretaceous”; “Upper Miocene”.
SampledFeatureAgeLabel (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as geologic age.
AgeAssignmentBasis (string) Source of age dating: method or reference.
AgeUncertainty_Ma (double) For material without related laboratory age determination, provide an uncertainty statement.
CollectionActivityName (string) Free text name that should uniquely identify the collection activity (cruise, project, etc.) for human readers.
CollectionActivityURI (string) Identifier for cruise, project, program that is context for sample collection activity. Ideally should dereference to some standard representation(s) of the activity.
SourceCitation (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
SourceCitationURI (string) Identifier, DOI or other URI, for the cited source. Ideally an http URI that may be dereferenced to produce a representation of the original source document.
Registrant (string) Free text specification of party that originally registered sample; may be name or organization, with or without contact information.
RegistrantURI (string) Identifier for the party that originally registered the sample to create sampleURI.
UpdateDate (dateTime) Date of last time line of data was updated or corrected by the service provider.(Format: 2012-06-22T00:00).
RelatedResources (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI, collection platform or Launch, etc.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Status
This content model is currently in review by the GDSDPWG working group, and as such no XML schema currently exists for this content model.
Created Files Example
Version 0.8 Jan. 8, 2013

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Powell and Cumming Geothermometry

Specific liquid and gas analyte suites in this workbook have been tailored for use in the analysis formulated by Powell and Cumming, 2010. Analytes reported with this content model match those in the Powell and Cumming, 2010 spreadsheets and can be directly inputted into their model, which creates numerous ternary diagrams and other Excel graphics to create a geothermomerty report. Citation: Powell, Tom and Cumming, William 2010. Spreadsheets for Geothermal Water and Gas Geochemistry. Thirty-Fifth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 1-3, 2010. SGP-TR-188. Access the paper and spreadsheets (to generate report) here: http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/repository/resource/9e15e1a59b....

Version 2.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: GasAnalysis
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about methods, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
OtherSiteID (string) Additional information or more geographic names associated with sample collection location; if multiple names supplied, delimit with pipe '|' character, e.g. Arizona | La Paz County | Harquahala Mountains | Browns Canyon.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string to identify/characterize the samples used in this observation; may include one or more sample names as provided by the sample collector or analyzing laboratory.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text description of sample, including size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc.
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature, in decimal format. Degrees Celsius is preferred and will be reported for consistency in service implementations.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
ElevationDatum (string) The point of reference against which elevation measurements are made. Best practice: use mean sea level (MSL) as datum.
ElevationUnits (string) Units used to report all elevation and depth information.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisType (string) Type of analysis used to obtain the results in this record.
AnalysisDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
ProcedureSummary (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
DataEntrySource (string) Person or organization responsible for data entry.
CO2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H2S_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NH3_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ar_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
N2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CH4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
H2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
He_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CO_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
O2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List Layer Name: LiquidAnalysis
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
AnalysisURI (string) A unique identifier for a discrete analysis of a specimen taken from a feature. The feature from which the specimen was taken will be identified by its own URI.
AnalysisName (string) Other human-intelligible labels for analysis such as secondary name or common name, other spellings. Indicate the authority from which the OtherName is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe character '|'. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata. (If there are multiple analyses performed on a single sample, each analysis would correspond to a new line of data in the template.)
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about methods, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
SamplingFeatureName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
SamplingFeatureURI (string) Unique Identifier for the particular site (station) or well where the sample(s) came from. For wells, this might be the HeaderURI or API number used in other metadata files. If unavailable, state 'missing'. SamplingFeature is a concept that represents the feature that accesses the part of the Earth from which the sample came, e.g. outcrop, borehole, dredge haul.
OtherSiteID (string) Additional information or more geographic names associated with sample collection location; if multiple names supplied, delimit with pipe '|' character, e.g. Arizona | La Paz County | Harquahala Mountains | Browns Canyon.
SpecimenID (string) ID given to the specimen by the collector(s). Recommended practice: include a short abbreviation in a prefix indicating the authority or scope of the identifier (e.g. 'usgs:'); any prefixes should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Label (string) Short text string to identify/characterize the samples used in this observation; may include one or more sample names as provided by the sample collector or analyzing laboratory.
SpecimenDescription (string) Free text description of sample, including size, weight, quality, lithology, locality, etc.
SpecimenURI (string) Unique identifier for sample; should include protocol prefix with known meaning, delimited by a ':' (colon), e.g. igsn:24623570 or http://resources.usgin.org/uri-gin/AZGS/sample/24623570.
SpecimenCollectionDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
SpecimenCollectionMethod (string) Text description of the process used to collect the analyzed specimen. Include any keywords that may typically be used to categorize sampling procedures.
OtherAnalyticalData (string) Text describing other analytical data associated with the analyzed specimen. Best practice: include a URI for observation records reporting related results.
FluidTemperature_C (double) Temperature, in decimal format. Degrees Celsius is preferred and will be reported for consistency in service implementations.
Discharge (double) Average measured volume of water per unit of time.
DischargeUnits (string) Units for flow rate, either gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
PLSSMeridians (string) List north-south baseline and east-west meridian that Townships and Ranges are referenced to.
Township (string) Township in PLSS grid, relative to reported baseline. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline and meridian. Recommend adding leading '0's so that all number strings are the same length (typically 2 or occasionally 3 digits). Examples 01N, 112S, 001N.
Range (string) Range in PLSS grid, relative to reported meridian. Formatting and punctuation should be consistent for all locations referenced to the same baseline meridian. See instructions on TWP field.
Section_ (double) PLSS section number. Must be numeric or null. Some surveys include half sections indicated by a 'nn.5' designation, where n indicates a number.
SectionPart (string) Subdivision of a PLSS section.
Elevation (double) Elevation at ground level for the feature. 3 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p.6). Elevations should be reported relative to mean sea level (MSL).
ElevationDatum (string) The point of reference against which elevation measurements are made. Best practice: use mean sea level (MSL) as datum.
ElevationUnits (string) Units used to report all elevation and depth information.
Source (string) Mandatory. Short text explanation of source of information defining this feature or record; may be author-date type citation, well log, report, data files etc., but should include some indication of how digital data originated. If unpublished data, provide researcher name, date and research institution for proper citation. Separate multiple citations with pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
AnalysisType (string) Type of analysis used to obtain the results in this record.
AnalysisDate (dateTime) Date for the record: date on which observation, measurement or test was made or specimen was collected. Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
Laboratory (string) If a Laboratory performed the analysis, include name and address here.
ProcedureSummary (string) Text description of how the measurement was made - instrumentation, logging rate, correction or extrapolation process, how time since circulation was determined, etc. Data provider should indicate QA/QC performed on the data, including individual or institution, time frame and depth of quality check.
DataEntrySource (string) Person or organization responsible for data entry.
pH (double) Report in standard pH format.
Li_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Na_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
K_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ca_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Mg_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
SiO2_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
B_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cl_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
F_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
SO4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
HCO3_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
CO3_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
NH4_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
As_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Rb_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cs_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Sr_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Ba_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Fe_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Mn_mgL (double) Report analyte in mg/L.
Cond_umhoscm (double) Report conductivity in micromhos per centimeter.
del_18O (double) Report in molecules per thousand, or “per mil”.
del_D (double) Report in molecules per thousand, or “per mil”.
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
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Discussion
Note that version 2.0 succeeds previous versions due to the name change from PowellCummingsGeothermometry to PowellCummingGeothermometry.
Status
Created Files Example
Version 0.1 Jan. 8, 2013
Version 2.0 Oct. 29, 2014

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Power Plant Production

This workbook documents a content model for reporting electrical power production. In the context of NGDS, these will normally be geothermal power plants, but the content model is not unique to a single power plant type.

Version 1.0 Field List

-- fields in yellow are required --

Layer Name: PlantProduction
Name Description
OBJECTID (int) Integer record count, added by ArcGIS servers during service deployment; not required but cannot be removed when deploying from ArcGIS feature class. Not user maintained, so this element appears in XML implementation but not in the Content Model Template.
PlantProductionStatURI (string) Unique identifier for this observation. This is the identifier (Uniform Resource Identifier) that will be used to cross-reference data, samples, and other observations to the observation represented by this record. Best practice is to define an http URI that will dereference to a normative description of the observation. USGIN URI's may be redirected to any URL using the http://resources.usgin.org redirector; contact the USGIN development team at AZGS for instructions.
PlantProductionStatLabel (string) Short text string for labeling the feature on maps. Can be the same as feature name. A label may be an OtherLocationName, OtherID or the Name or some combination.
PowerPlantFacilityURI (string) Unique identifier that specifies the feature represented: e.g. a geologic feature, aquifer or facility structure. Ideally, the identifier is an http URI that will dereference to a known, useful representation of the feature. This identifier will be used to cross reference the feature to other information related to this feature.
PlantName (string) Common or human-readable name by which the feature is known. Recommend using only web-safe characters (a-z A-Z 0-9 _-.) in the name. Be consistent in the naming convention used within any given dataset.
OtherID (string) Alternative identifier(s) for the feature. 'Indicate the authority from which the OtherID is derived with a short (lower case) prefix delimited by a colon ':' If identifiers from multiple different authorities are available, delimit these identifiers with the pipe '|' character. For example, if a well were known to the Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) by the id number 1337, the prefix would be azgs: and the identifier string would be azgs:1337. Any such prefixes used to scope identifiers should be explained in the dataset metadata.
Notes (string) Any additional information to be provided, including description and other data not captured by the template, details about collection method, contact information for related parties (original collector, project PI), collection platform or Launch, etc.
PlantType (string) Dry Steam; Flash Steam; Binary Cycle; Single Flash; Double Flash. If Unknown or missing place "nil:missing" or "nil:unknown"
YearCommissioned (dateTime) Date for the record (year in which the first power plant at the site began operation). Day, month and year must be specified; Excel will display using ISO 8601 date and time (yyyy-mm-ddT:hh:mm) format. If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
UTM_E (double) UTM easting coordinate as decimal number.
UTM_N (double) UTM northing coordinate as decimal number.
UTMDatumZone (string) The datum and UTM zone for the reported coordinates. Datum for most locations should be NAD27 or NAD83.
PostalAddress (string) Postal address for facility. Street, City.
County (string) Required. County name. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. If offshore, specify 'offshore' in this field.
State (string) Required. State name without abbreviations. If unknown or not applicable use 'missing'. For offshore locations, specify the governing or nearest state and list the county as 'offshore'.
LatDegree (double) Latitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
LongDegree (double) Longitude coordinate for the surface location of the feature (use center point for areas); values should be provided with at least 4 significant digits for sufficient precision (7 decimal places is recommended by the USGS (OFR 02-463, p. 6). Use decimal degrees.
SRS (string) The spatial reference system. It is recommended that an EPSG code be used to identify the SRS used to specify the location. If an EPSG code is used, identify it as such with the prefix 'EPSG:' For common EPSG codes, see the Data Valid Terms tab. EPSG:4326 is the identifier for WGS84, and should be the text in this field. EPSG stands for European Petroleum Survey Group. EPSSG codes can be dereferenced by putting the code in this URL (replace 4326) http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/.
LocationUncertaintyStatement (string) Information on how the original location was determined, e.g.: 1:250,000 map, gps unit, Google Earth, PLSS Conversion, Spatial Datum Conversion, e.g., NAD27 to WGS84.
ReportingPeriod (string) Time interval of reporting period: year, month, week or day.
StartReportInterval (dateTime) Date reporting period for this observation record starts (Format: 2012-06-22T00:00). If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
EndReportInterval (dateTime) Date reporting period for this observation record ends (Format: 2012-06-22T00:00). If only the year is known, enter month and day as 'Jan. 1', (or '1/1/', or '1-1-', or 'January 1,'). All dates will be converted to yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm.
ReportYear (string) Production year of data reported, formatted 'YYYY'.
Capacity_MW (double) Nameplate capacity of the power plant in MW. Included as a search parameter.
GrossProduction_MWhr (double) Reported gross production from the power plant for the reporting period in MWhr.
NetProduction_MWhr (double) Reported net production (minus any parasitic loads) from the power plant for the reporting period in MWhr.
AveragePrice_ckWh (double) Total net production for the state divided by the gross receipts reported by the state department of taxation. Units are cents per kilowatt-hour.
RelatedResource (string) This may be one to many http links to resources (logs, pictures or other documents if available online. Should be an http:// address (URL)) related to the observation described in each record. Delimit multiple values with the pipe '|' character.
MetadataURI (string) URI identifying (and ideally dereferencing to get) a full formal metadata record for the observation report. A time series of observations may all reference the same metadata record that provides contact information and details on procedure, etc.
UpdateTimeStamp (dateTime) Date of last time line of data was updated or corrected by the service provider.(Format: 2012-06-22T00:00).
Shape (PointPropertyType) Added by GIS for WFS service; this element appears in the xml output, but is generated during service deployment from the latitude and longitude, therefore it doesn't appear in the template.
Collapse Field List
Discussion
Status
This content model is still currently under review with the GDSDPWG working group. Version 1.0 is the most updated version; please use this version for services.
Created Files Example
Version 0.8 Jan. 8, 2013
XLS